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16 October 2014
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Text index - South Foundation

Passive voice

To speak in the passive voice, we need to learn rhagenwau (pronouns), and the mutations that follow them.

Fy______i.treiglad trwynolfy nghar imy car
Dy______di.treiglad meddaldy gar diyour car
Ei______e.treiglad meddalei gar e.his car.
Ei______hi.treiglad llaesei char hiher car
Ein______ni.dim treigladein car ni.our car.
Eich______chi.dim treigladeich car chi.your car.
Eu______nhw.dim treigladeu car nhw.their car.

Dych chi'n cofio CAEL (Gorffennol)? We also need to remember the conjugation of CAEL to speak in the passive voice.
Ces i
Cest ti
Cafodd e
Cafodd hi
Cawson ni
Cawsoch chi
Cawson nhw

Ble cawsoch chi'ch geni?Where were you born?
Ces i fy ngeni yng Nghaerdydd.I was born in Cardiff
Ble cest ti dy eni?Where were you born? (informal)
Ces i fy ngeni yn Aberhonddu.I was born in Brecon.
Ble cawsoch chi eich magu?Where were you brought up?
Ces i fy magu yn Abertawe.I was brought up in Swansea.
Ble cest ti dy fagu?Where were you brought up?
Ces i fy magu ym Merthyr Tudfil.I was brought up in Merthyr Tydfil.
Ces i fy ngeni ym Mhorthcawl.I was born in Porthcawl.
Cest ti dy eni yn Aberhonddu.You were born in Brecon.
Cafodd e ei eni yng Nghasnewydd.He was born in Newport.
Cafodd hi ei geni yn Ffostrasol.She was born in Ffostrasol.
Cawson ni ein magu yng Nghaerfyrddin.We were born in Carmarthen.
Cawsoch chi eich geni yn Abertawe.You were born in Swansea.
Cawson nhw eu geni yn Llandaf.They were born in Llandaff.
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