Over the centuries, Wales has experienced large-scale movements of people.


Wales' population has regularly shifted and changed over the ages

The Welsh in Australia

By 1852 a total of 1,800 of the convicts in Australia had been tried in Wales

English migration

A significant influence on Wales in terms of numbers of people migrating.

Flemish immigrants

Flemish immigrants

Irish immigration

What drove the Irish to settle in Wales, and how did they fare?

Italian immigration

Italian immigration

The Welsh in North America

Could there have been Welsh people in America as early as the 12th Century?

The Welsh in Patagonia

A new kind of migration was proposed in the 19th century

History blog

Explore the celebrated and lesser-known incidents in Welsh history, watch rare clips from BBC Wales' own archive, find out about history events in Wales.

Phil Carradice

July 1942: enemy action over Pwllheli

Britain might have been totally unprepared for war in 1939 but within ...

By: Phil Carradice

Family history


Getting started

Tracing your Welsh roots? Pick up some tips in our guides.


Argentine flag

The Welsh in Patagonia

In 1865, the Mimosa, a tea-clipper set sail for South America.

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