Reading: The sounds of English

English has about 40 sounds. Each can be written in several ways. For instance the 'fu' sound, can be written as ‘f’, ‘ff’ or ‘ph’.

Quick tips for tutors

The sounds of English includes:

  • The importance of context in decoding text
  • Strategies for recognising sound patterns, silent letters and compound words
  • Prefixes and root words
  • How English has 'borrowed' extensively from many other languages

Downloadable Factsheets

Blending Sounds
Reading aloud
Sounds of English
Guide to the phonics tool
The words of English

Downloadable Worksheets

Forming compound words
Recognising compound words
Reading words with silent letters
The origin of English words
Using Prefixes in reading

More from Skillswise

Recognising letters and words
Types of texts
Dictionaries and Indexes