Numbers: Number Lines

Number lines are a great way to visualise addition and subtraction on paper.

Quick tips for tutors

Number lines include:

  • Recognising that number lines may be empty or numbered and that the numbering may be continuous or go up in simple multiples
  • Recognising that number lines may be used to add and subtract
  • Finding the difference by counting on and counting back
  • Matching calculations to diagrams of number lines
  • Using a number line to add and subtract whole numbers, and decimals including money
  • Finding the difference between positive and negative numbers
  • Carrying out time calculations
  • Recognising number lines may be marked with fractions or decimal numbers
  • Using double number lines to do conversions and find equivalents between fractions, decimals and percentages
  • Recognising that number lines can also be used for multiplication by repeated addition or division by repeated subtraction

Downloadable Factsheets

Subtracting numbers using number lines
Types of number line
Using a number line 1
Using a number line 2
Further uses

Downloadable worksheets

Number line addition
Find the difference
Using a double number line
Find the difference
Time calculations

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