Holocaust Memorial Day 2019
The 27th January marks the liberation day of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi death camp.
In the years since, this date has become internationally recognised as the day we remember the six million Jews murdered in the Holocaust, and the millions of other innocents killed under the Nazi regime. We also take time to remember the lives lost in subsequent genocides in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur.
Explore our collection of resources for primary and secondary pupils to mark this day.
In these resources you will find stories of persecution, escape and survival in Nazi occupied Europe.
WARNING: Contains some scenes which some viewers may find disturbing.
The Last Train from Prague
Prague 1939. Ten year old Milena Fleishman is about to start a long journey from her home in Prague to England. Milena is one of those children leaving Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia on one of the trains arranged by Nicholas Winton, that later became known as the 'kindertransport'.
Holocaust Memorial Day Assembly
In this assembly you will watch pupils Beatrice and Lamek meet Steven Frank at Croydon Airport Museum. Steven tells them how in WW2 Nazi Germany tried to take over Europe and destroy the Jewish people.
Children of the Holocaust
Trude’s Story: Escaping from Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia
Trude Silman describes her experience as a young Jewish girl living in Nazi occupied Czechoslovakia, and escaping to Britain in 1939. When her home town of Bratislava was invaded by the Nazis, Trude describes the changing atmosphere in the town and the impact it had on her life, family and community.
Heinz's story: From Kristallnacht and escape to Britain
Holocaust survivor Heinz Skyte talks about living in Fuerth near Nuremberg before World War Two as a young boy and witnessing the changes during the Nazi takeover of his home city.
Suzanne’s story: Hiding from the Nazis in occupied France
Suzanne Ripton’s story of living in hiding, as a Jewish child in Nazi-occupied France. Suzanne recounts the terrifying experience of Nazi occupation of Paris in 1940, her sudden separation from her parents, and what life was like for a Jewish child living in hiding during World War 2.
Ruth's Story: Escaping the Nazis as war broke out
As a child, Ruth Rogoff escaped from Germany and arrived in Britain on the day that war started - 3 September 1939. In this film, she relates her childhood experiences and talks of her mother’s remarkable courage.
Arek’s story: Survival in Auschwitz-Birkenau
Arek Hersh recounts his experience as a prisoner, at the age of only 14, in the notorious death camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
The Childhood Experiences of a Young Holocaust Survivor
Martin Kapel, a survivor of the Nazi Polenaktion in October 1938 ("Poland Action"), relates his childhood that included expulsion, escape and bombing. 17,000 Jews were forcefully escorted from the German Reich on the 27th, 28th and 29th October 1938 to the Polish border by brutal SS guards, dogs and fear.
Children of the Holocaust: The Interviews
Interview with Holocaust Survivor Arek Hersh
Arek Hersh, an 85-year-old concentration camp survivor expresses his anger for what the Nazis did to him. He talks about why it’s important to tell his story to others.
Interview with Holocaust Survivor Martin Kapel
Martin Kapel is a survivor of the Nazi Polenaktion in October 1938 (“Poland Action”) He came to the UK via the Kindertransport and lived through the Blitz bombing of Coventry in 1940. Martin discusses the importance of studying history in order to learn from the patterns and incidences of the past.
Interview with Holocaust survivor Heinz Skyte
Heinz, a Holocaust survivor, discusses the lure of the Nazis for young people in Germany in his childhood, and warns young people today to stay vigilant.
Interview with Holocaust Survivor Ruth Rogoff
Ruth discusses her early encounters with the Holocaust and details the horrors of watching footage from concentration camp Bergen-Belsen at her local cinema.
The Eichmann Show Documentary
Adolf Eichmann: Architect of the Holocaust
Using a combination of archive footage, dramatisation and interviews with people involved in the television production and the trial, this clip introduces us to the groundbreaking trial of the Adolf Eichmann.
How Adolf Eichmann's trial revealed the horrors of Auschwitz
Over 100 witnesses, 16,000 documents and 56 days of prosecution evidence was presented against Adolf Eichmann at his trial in Jerusalem.
How far can one person be held responsible for the Holocaust?
The televised trial of Adolf Eichmann brought to a global audience many of the previously unknown horrors of the Holocaust. And on 11th December 1961, Eichmann, sitting impassive and unemotional, was pronounced guilty of all charges against him and sentenced to death.
The Eichmann Trial and the State of Israel
The trial of Adolf Eichmann was an important moment in the development of the State of Israel that was just 13 years old in 1961. The television broadcast was symbolic in how the balance of power had changed since World War 2, with a formerly powerful SS Officer now on trial in an Israeli court.
The challenge of filming Adolf Eichmann's trial
The trial of Adolf Eichmann in 1961 became the first documentary series broadcast around the world. It was a historic and ground-breaking moment in revealing some of the experiences and tragedies of the holocaust and the death of some 6 million Jews. But broadcasting the trial did not come without its objections.
More Resources from BBC Teach
Children of World War Two
Modern children meet people who grew up during the Second World War and learn about their experiences.
Free teacher classroom resources suitable for use in History lessons with secondary school children at Key Stage 4 and GCSE in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and at National 4 and 5 in Scotland.