Geography KS1: Exploring a cave in Yorkshire

William Whiskerson meets Emily and together they explore a cave in Yorkshire.

Inside, they discover how underground streams and rivers shape the cave.

They also discover different rock formations and learn how stalactites and stalagmites are made.

This clip is from the series William Whiskerson

Teacher Notes

After viewing the clip, show pupils a map of Ingleton in Yorkshire.

Can the children spot the White Scar Caves?

Taking their inspiration from the clip, pupils could use a variety of percussion instruments to create a cave soundscape, with watery drips, rushing underground streams and plenty of echoes.

As a follow up, ask pupils to help you suspend a wet stand of wool over a plate, with the ends of the strand in two jam jars filled with a mixture of water and baking soda.

You'll need a saturated solution, so keep adding baking soda until no more will dissolve.

Over a week or so, if left very still, crystals will form on the strand of wool to create tiny stalactites.

Later still, tiny stalagmites will grow up from the plate.

This helps demonstrate how rock structures form in caves.

Curriculum Notes

This clip will be relevant for teaching Geography.

This topic appears in KS1/KS2 in England and Northern Ireland, Knowledge and Understanding of the World Foundation Phase in Wales and Early/1st/2nd levels in Scotland.

More from the series William Whiskerson

Geography KS1 / KS2: Living in an eco-village
Geography KS1: A visit to the Caledonian Forest
Geography KS1 / KS2: Fossil hunting along the Jurassic Coast
Geography KS1 / KS2: Mountains and electricity
Geography KS1: Growing and picking orchard fruit
Geography KS1 / KS2: How our milk gets from the farm to the shop
Geography KS1 / KS2: Life on the Isles of Scilly
Geography KS1 / KS2: Transport, travel and landmarks of London
Geography KS1 / KS2: Jobs and tourism in a seaside town
Geography KS1: How honey is made
Geography KS1: Travelling on a canal boat