Science KS2: The work of Carl Linnaeus

In this vlog style film, Carl Linnaeus, talks about his scientific method of classifying plants, animals and stones.

He explains his new classification system, which is known as taxonomy, and how it helps us determine what an organism is.

The naming is decided by their genus and species.

We learn about how he came up with the idea on a research visit to Lapland.

His scientific process involved observing, recording the information and making conclusions.

He divided animals into seven classes: 1. mammals, 2. Birds, 3.amphibians, 4. Fish, 5. Insects, 6. Worms.

He gave each organism a two part Latin scientific name and used hierarchy, which showed how important each animal was.

The system could be used across the whole world.

Humans are homo sapiens; a house cat would be felus catus.

We learn about a book he wrote book called the System of Nature. He challenges his audience to classify a dog or a rabbit. We learn key scientific terminology and skills throughout the film.

The process shows an example of thinking skills.

This clip is from the series Scientists and Scientific Method.

Teacher Notes

As a starter to introduce a practical science activity, you could write a simple quiz to encourage pupils to capture the keywords shown in the video.

Pupils could write their own definitions from these words using the internet, or science dictionaries to improve their scientific vocabularies.

Pupils could use pictures, books and films to identify animals in different locations, like the desert, jungle etc

Curriculum Notes

Suitable for teaching Science at Key Stage 2 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and at 2nd Level in Scotland. They also have cross-curricular links with History and Literacy.

More from Scientists and Scientific Method:

The work of the ‘father of optics’ Alhazen
The work of Mary Anning
The work of Nicolaus Copernicus
The work of Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace
The work of Galileo Galilei
The work of Caroline and William Herschel
The work of Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov
The work of Sir Isaac Newton