Science KS1/KS2: What is selective breeding?

In this short film for primary schools Michaela Strachen introduces the concept of inherited characteristics in animals and vegetables, and we see how dog breeders and vegetable growers make use of artificial selection.

A dog breeder explains selective breeding, looking at puppies that have useful and less useful traits.

Michaela explains how artificial selection is also used in vegetables, showing how broccoli, sprouts and cauliflower all originate from a wild cabbage called Colewort.

This short film is from the BBC series, Evolutionwatch.

Teacher Notes

You could lead a class discussion on artificial selection – which dog would you breed from and why?

Which dogs would you breed in order to create a hunting dog that can run fast?

Pupils could look at photos of their own family or a famous family, such as the royal family, to identify family traits.

Curriculum Notes

This short film will be relevant for teaching primary science, particularly on the topics of animals and evolution.

More from Evolutionwatch:

Why do animals and plants have camouflage?
How have animal skeletons adapted?
Different types of leaves
How animals have adapted to become successful predators
Timeline of life on Earth