PSHE KS3: Bleeding and shock
In this short film, Dr Emeka explains how to treat bleeding wounds, what shock is and what to do if someone goes into shock.
With the help of animation, he goes through each step in helping someone who is bleeding and how to recognise and help if someone is going into shock.
This short film is from the BBC Teach series 'Dr Emeka’s Essential First Aid'.
This short film could be used in the wider context of a PSHE lesson on first aid and how to treat injuries you incur yourself, or that happen to those around you.
It should be used in the wider context of learning about how to stop bleeding (applying pressure and raising the wound above the heart), the signs and symptoms of a severe wound and when to get help.
Students should also learn about what a tourniquet is and when it is best used (when blood is spurting). They could list items that they have on them, that could be used as an improvised tourniquet should this be necessary.
Students should understand the severity of shock and how important it is to recognise the signs and symptoms. Students could explore the different organs in the body and the function of each of them.
Students could also learn how to manage a nose bleed and understand the correct process to stop the bleeding:
- Sit and lean forward.
- Pinch the soft part of your nose for ten minutes.
- Stop, check, repeat if necessary.
Students could create a leaflet or a poster on how to treat shock and bleeding.
Students could discuss where you can find a sterile or clean dressing in a given environment.
The class could be shown a first aid kit and its contents.
Students could discuss the implications of an embedded object in a cut and how this can have different effects on different areas of the body.
Students could role play in groups or pairs, the different stages of treating someone who is bleeding and additionally someone who goes into shock.
Other subject areas
- In science students could learn more about the circulatory system and the role of oxygen in the blood.
- This could lead to further study of the composition of blood.
- Students could also learn about the anatomy of the body and the function of each organ.
This short film touches on elements of PSHE first aid as introduced to the curriculum in England from September 2020 for Key Stage 3.
While not on the curriculum specifically, it could also be used in Wales and Northern Ireland at Key Stage 3 and in Scotland at 3rd and 4th level.