PSHE KS2: Burns and scalds

Dr Emeka gives an introduction to dealing with the types of burns and scalds that can occur in domestic settings.

This short film covers the basic strategies for helping out friends or family members with burns that may occur, but is best used in the context of further information about burns.

This short film is from the BBC Teach series 'Dr Emeka’s Essential First Aid'.

Teacher Notes

Students should be taught how to recognise a serious or deep burn: A burn is considered serious if it is bigger than the hand of the burnt individual, it is to a child (anywhere), on the face, hands or feet.


Students could be asked to give examples of the different types of burns and how we can get them:

  • Dry burn
  • Scald
  • Electric burn
  • Chemical burn
  • Radiation burn

Students could also be asked to imagine themselves in a setting or be given a picture of a scene such as camping or on the beach. They could highlight possible hazards of what could burn or scald someone and how this could be avoided. They could also look for other ways to cool a burn if there isn’t any running water available (milk, canned drinks).

Other subject areas

  • There is an opportunity to understand what an infection is.
  • Further study could also include understanding our skin and how it works.
  • There is also a strong link with science and the effects of the sun on our skin.

Curriculum Notes

This short film touches on elements of PSHE first aid as introduced to the curriculum in England from September 2020 for Key Stage 2.

While not on the curriculum specifically, it could also be used in Wales and Northern Ireland at Key Stage 2 and in Scotland at 1st and 2nd level.

More from Dr Emeka’s Essential First Aid:

How to make a call to emergency services
Bleeding and shock
Head injuries
Bone fractures
How to administer CPR
How to administer CPR during the Covid-19 pandemic
Bites and stings