Science KS1/KS2: How is electricity made?

The children learn that different power stations use different types of fuel including coal, oil, and even rubbish.

All of these fuels are burned to make energy.

They also learn that we can use the energy from the sun, wind and flowing water to make electricity.

The children visit a gas fuelled power station where an expert shows them the process of generating electricity.

They see the natural gas coming into the power station through large pipes, before being burned to heat water and produce steam.

The children visit the steam turbine room and the expert uses a gas cylinder, kettle and a turbine made of spoons to generate electricity which then lights up a miniature house and street light.

There is also a demonstration of how electricity is generated by using a magnet inside a coil of wire and a small bulb.

This is from the series: Curious Cat Steel, Electricity, Sewage

Teacher Notes

This clip could be used as an introduction to electricity, provoking a class discussion about different forms of power and its sustainability, which pupils could then undertake as a research project.

Pupils could write a non-fiction report on how electricity is made, using the clip as a reference point.

Curriculum Notes

This clip will be relevant for teaching Science.

This topic appears in KS1/KS2 in England, Foundation Phase in Wales, Foundation and KS1 in Northern Ireland and Early/1st/2nd levels in Scotland.

More from the series: Curious Cat

What happens to our sewage?
How are bricks made?
How are TV programmes made?
How is glass made?
How is paper made?
How is wool made?
How is steel made?
How are crayons made?