Physical Education KS4 / GCSE: Resistance training

This is a case study of Kamini, a 57-year-old female who embarks on a 12-week resistance training programme.

Kamini’s body age was measured at 78-years-old at the start of the programme.

After the age of 30, if you don’t do any physical activity and follow a sedentary lifestyle, your muscles gradually decline, and you can lose up to 40% of your muscle mass and strength.

Exercise becomes even more important as you get older, so it is essential to get into good regular activity habits, especially resistance type training that can help build or at least maintain muscle mass and strength.

A protein rich diet spread evenly throughout the day is also important to support the building of muscle.

Does Kamini stick to her exercise routine and become more active? Does she change her diet?

How does she fare on the post-12-week training programme measures?

Does Kamini improve her health and wellbeing? Does her body age reduce from 78?

Teacher Notes

The case study could be used to introduce the area of ‘Health, fitness and wellbeing’.

Pupils could be tasked to define the difference between fitness, health and wellbeing, as well as suggesting expected results in answer to the questions outlined in the long description.

Using the fact that it takes 66 days to create a new habit, pupils could reflect on their own lives (as well as Kamini’s) to highlight examples of when they have created a new habit or when they have fallen short.

Pupils can explain the importance of a healthy active lifestyle – especially in relation to muscular strength, body composition and body age.

Curriculum Notes

This clip is suitable for teaching Physical Education at KS4 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and National 4 and 5 in Scotland.