Music GCSE: Haydn, symphonies and melodic writing

Howard Goodall explores the culture of 18th century Europe and sees how Joseph Haydn rose to prominence as one of the major composers of the era.

The simplicity, elegance and function of the music of composers such as Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven is studied with analysis of the primary chords and examples of notated score showing their use of blocks of chords.

Further analysis of Haydn’s symphony and melodic writing demonstrates the form and structure of his work.

This clip is from the series Howard Goodall's Story of Music.

Teacher Notes

Using three colours for tonic (l), sub-dominant (lV), and dominant (V) chords, colour in and then analyse the use of these primary triads in a piece of music, either from a symphony, or a piece of popular music.

Can the students identify from this how harmonic rhythm can be faster or slower?

Curriculum Notes

This topic is relevant to GCSE, AS Level and Higher Music in the areas of Romanticism, Music History and Understanding styles.

More from Howard Goodall's Story of Music:

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Harmony, intervals, triads and cadences
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Harmony, dissonance and an introduction to opera
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Key signatures, equal temperament and the 12-tone tuning system
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Handel, the pianoforte and oratorio
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Mozart, melodic writing and the symphony
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A profile of Beethoven
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Franz Liszt, symphonic poems and orchestral music
Saint-Saëns and developments in French composition
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Debussy, world music and impressionism
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Shostakovich and the effects of Nazi rule on composers
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Minimalism and the advance of music technology
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Stravinsky, Russian music and modernism
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Blues and ragtime
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