Music GCSE: Haydn, symphonies and melodic writing

In this short film Howard Goodall analyses 18th century music, Joseph Haydn' impact on composition, and the rise of the symphony and opera as prominent musical forms.

The simplicity, elegance and function of the music of composers such as Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven is studied with analysis of the primary chords and examples of notated score showing their use of blocks of chords.

Further analysis of Haydn’s symphony and melodic writing demonstrates the form and structure of his work.

This short film is from the BBC series, Howard Goodall's Story of Music.

Teacher Notes

Using three colours for tonic (l), sub-dominant (lV), and dominant (V) chords, colour in and then analyse the use of these primary triads in a piece of music, either from a symphony, or a piece of popular music.

Can your students identify from this how harmonic rhythm can be faster or slower?

Curriculum Notes

This short film will be useful for teaching music, particularly in the areas of music history, notation, composition, music theory and understanding styles.

More from Howard Goodall's Story of Music:

Notation and melodic movement
video
Harmony, intervals, triads and cadences
video
Harmony, dissonance and an introduction to opera
video
Key signatures, equal temperament and the 12-tone tuning system
video
Handel, the pianoforte and oratorio
video
Mozart, melodic writing and the symphony
video
A profile of Beethoven
video
Franz Liszt, symphonic poems and orchestral music
video
Saint-Saëns and developments in French composition
video
Debussy, world music and impressionism
video
Shostakovich and the effects of Nazi rule on composers
video
Minimalism and the advance of music technology
video
Stravinsky, Russian music and modernism
video
Blues and ragtime
video