Maths KS1 / KS2: How to use mental methods to divide

Charlie has won a huge bunch of balloons; so huge they have put him in something of a precarious position.

But he’s not going to give them up easily.

He won them fair and square after all.

Dave suggests sharing them out, so they can all help him carry them home.

This sounds like a job for Divider Girl!

Divider Girl clambers to the rescue, but a fumble of her numberline leaves her grasping for other options.

Can she help Charlie to share the balloons equally without it?

Can she use multiplication facts to help with this division problem?

Will Charlie ever get his feet back on the ground?

This clip is from the series A World Without Maths

Teacher Notes

Key Stage 1

Children could act out sharing balloons equally, like Charlie in the story.

Or use other objects to share equally between each other.

Ask the children to carefully count out how many objects there are before they start.

If the children are not yet familiar with remainders, make sure that the number can be equally shared between the number of children in the group.

Children could also solve problems related to the story, using pictures or their multiplication facts.

Key Stage 2

Children might solve division problems related to the story using their multiplication facts.

Encourage children to think about how many of a number make the total they are dividing.

For example, Charlie needs to arrange 36 chairs around 6 tables for the school party, how many chairs will he put at each table? How many 6s make 36? How many 6s are in 36?

Curriculum Notes

This clip will be relevant for teaching Maths at KS1 and KS2 in England and Wales, and First and Second Level in Scotland.

More from A World Without Maths:

Multiples of two, five and ten
Multiples of two, five and ten
How to use arrays to multiply
What is multiplication?
The relationship between multiplication and division
Dividing using repeated subtraction