History KS3: Migration

This video is part of a series of short animations to help students understand some first order concepts commonly encountered in Key Stage 3 history.

After defining ‘migration’, ‘immigration’ and ‘emigration’, the video details some of the push and pull factors that influence people to migrate and start a new life elsewhere. The video then goes on to talk about migration into Britain over history, and how subsequent waves of migration have shaped the multicultural society of modern Britain.

Illustrative examples are chosen from popular schemes of learning so that learners can confidently apply their knowledge and appreciate the dynamic nature of the concept being explained. This video could be used to support learners investigating:

  • The study of an aspect or theme in British history that consolidates and extends pupils’ chronological knowledge from before 1066
  • A study of an aspect of social history, such as the impact through time of the migration of people to, from and within the British Isles
  • A local history study
  • A depth study linked to one of the British areas of study listed
  • A study over time, testing how far sites in their locality reflect aspects of national history
  • At least one study of a significant society or issue in world history and its interconnections with other world developments

Teacher Notes

The video can be used for whole class direct instruction and with smaller groups and individuals.

Since the video is designed to help clarify the process of migration primarily with reference to Britain, the clip can be used as a flexible tool to help learners make connections and think about cause and effect leading to similarity and difference at different times in various parts of the world.

The video can be revisited at a later key stage, depending upon learners’ differing needs and starting points, to help reinforce the umbrella term, consolidate knowledge and understanding and aid progression.

It can also be used as initial stimulus material for local studies.

Points for discussion
Students could be helped to understand how we know what we know specifically about migration, exploring the types of sources used to reach conclusions. There is an opportunity to consider the diverse range of views of those involved.

Accompanying videos in this series on Industrialisation and Empire might be helpful to students wishing to widen their studies or take a more ambitious approach.

Suggested activities
Individually or in groups students, could predict the video content in advance, drawing up a key word list and, whilst watching, cross check what they've listed with what they learned. This could help to correct any preconceptions, assumptions or misconceptions.

Students could look at local and personal experiences of migration and use these as a starting point to make regional, national and international comparisons.

Students could watch the film and then later ‘write the script’, teach others or provide a voice over, recalling information from memory by way of retrieval practice in a ‘storyboard’ style.

Students could actively watch the film whilst completing a ‘Plus, Minus and Interesting’ (PMI) table to assess the potential for positive and negative effects of migration on different groups of people in society. This could be widened out to examine the rate, pace of change, differences and similarity of experience in different parts of the world.

Curriculum Notes

This short film is relevant for teaching History at KS3 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and 3rd Level in Scotland.

More from this series: