History KS2: Yesha Townsend - A Bermudian poet in London
This short film tells the story of Yesha Townsend, a Bermudian poet who currently lives and works in London, and how she has been influenced by Mary Prince, a black woman who escaped from slavery.
Yesha speaks to nine-year-old Harlow, also from Bermuda, and describes how she has been influenced by Mary Prince (c.1788-1833). The film follows the story of both women and shows how a story told almost 200 years ago can still impact on the lives of people today.
Mary Prince’s Story
Mary was born at Brackish Pond (also known as Devonshire Parish) in Bermuda, a British overseas territory since 1612.
Both her parents were enslaved. Her father worked as a sawyer and was owned by David Trimmingham, and her mother worked in a house owned by Charles Myners.
Mary had five siblings who were all sold, along with her mother, as house servants to Captain Darrel when Charles Myners died in the late 1780s. At the age of 12, Mary was sold again for £38 (about £3,300 today) to Captain John Ingham. He was extremely cruel and often flogged Mary.
In 1806, Mary was sold to an enslaver on the salt ponds in The Turks and Caicos Islands. Conditions were poor and Mary often had to work 17 hours a day. In 1810, she returned to Bermuda with her master who was also extremely cruel. He often beat her and she stood up to him twice to defend herself and his daughter. He subsequently hired her out to Cedar Hill where she washed clothes.
In 1815, Mary was sold for a fourth time to John Adams Wood as a domestic slave. In 1826, Mary married Daniel James, a freeman, against the wishes of her master.
In 1828, John Adams Wood travelled to London taking Mary with him. It was here that she was able to finally escape and ended up working for a man called Thomas Pringle who was an abolitionist writer. Mary couldn’t travel back to be with her husband as she was still the legal property of John Adams Wood and would end up back in slavery.
In 1831, with the help of Thomas Pringle, “The History of Mary Prince” was published and caused a great deal of shock. On 28 August 1833, a law was passed that made slavery illegal in most British colonies through the Slavery Abolition Act (commencing 1 August 1834) and Mary was finally free.
This short film is from the BBC Teach series, Black British Stories.
Before watching the film
Pupils could identify where Bermuda is on a map and discuss how this links to Britain. Give an overview of the British Empire and how since 1949, Bermuda has remained the oldest British Overseas Territory.
You may wish to discuss the British Empire and its involvement in the transatlantic slave trade of African people, possibly starting from Sir John Howkins in Tudor times, to George III declaring the trading of slaves illegal in the British Empire, through the Slave Trade Act 1807. However, it was not until the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (commencing 1 August 1834), that Britain finally abolished slavery within most of the British Empire (called ‘The Commonwealth’ today). Emancipation Day anniversary events take place on 1 August each year in many countries to mark as a day of remembrance.
You may wish to discuss the written word and how influential it can be. Discuss with pupils whether they have ever read (or heard) something that has changed their opinion or made them want to change something.
Questions to consider
Depending on the focus of your lesson, you may wish to pause this short film at certain points to check for understanding, asking questions such as:
- Do you think it is important to read lots of different books as you grow up? Why?
- How do you think Mary Prince felt growing up in slavery as someone else’s ‘property’?
- Why do you think reading and writing was prohibited to enslaved Africans 200 years ago?
- How do you think Mary felt having to leave the island against her will?
- How might travelling around the world change your opinions or experiences?
- How can you be connected to a community through a rich heritage of storytelling?
- Why do you think it is important that Mary Prince’s story gets remembered and shared?
- Why do you think that there is a national holiday dedicated to Mary Prince?
- Should Emancipation Day be remembered in the UK?
Activities to further explore learning
Mary Prince’s story Pupils could research Mary Prince’s story and discover what life was like for her and other enslaved persons, growing up in slavery. Pupils could also research slave rebellions, and the important role enslaved people had in the abolition of slavery. Pupils could then write diary entries in role as Mary, focusing on particular aspects of her story. Please note, pupils could discover inappropriate resources if conducting independent research. Depending on your cohort, it may be best to provide materials.
Stories through poetry Yesha has been influenced by Mary Prince and expresses herself through spoken poetry as we can see with her poem at the end of the video. Explore other types of poems with the pupils and challenge them to write their own poems based on Mary Prince’s life.
Influential writing The film ends with the message that the written word is important and influential and can bring about change. Challenge pupils to think of a change that they want to bring about. This can be a personal change, like no more homework, or a bigger global change, like reducing plastic. Encourage pupils to write a letter to persuade the person in charge to lead the way towards change.
Autobiographies The History of Mary Prince was an autobiography written almost 200 years ago. Discuss what autobiographies are and ask pupils if they have read any autobiographies that have inspired them. Discuss the difference between an autobiography and a biography. Challenge the children to write their own autobiographies.
- Racism - the belief that people of different races or ethnic groups have different value in society, and using this against them.
- Diversity - differences in racial and ethnic, socioeconomic, geographic, and academic backgrounds.
- Prejudice - a preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
- Culture - a pattern of behaviour shared by a society, or group of people.
- Discrimination - the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people.
- Cultural heritage - the ways of living developed by a community and passed on from generation to generation.
- Equality - when people are treated the same, regardless of what they look like or where they come from.
- Territory - an area of land under the jurisdiction of a ruler or state.
- Empire - lands or regions that are controlled by one ruler or government.
- Colony - an area of land that is occupied and in control by settlers from another country.
This short film is suitable for teaching KS2 / 2nd level pupils and links to various areas of the curriculum including to history (black history) and personal, social and relationships education (diversity and community). The focus on the power of the written word, specifically autobiographies and poetry, also provides a link with the English curriculum.
This short film raises questions about what makes up your cultural heritage and how this connects a community.
This short film raise questions about what inspires change today. Links can be made to movements that are current (Black Lives Matter, Extinction Rebellion, etc.), and how these movements have been inspired and developed.