History KS4 / GCSE: Edward I, the Welsh and the Scots
Professor Robert Bartlett details Edward I’s expansionist designs on Wales, and his defeat of the two princes of Gwynedd, Llewellyn and Dafydd, in 1282.
Edward’s chain of castles to consolidate control over his new territory are shown on a map.
In Scotland, the failure of Edward’s plan to take control by exploiting the Scottish Succession Crisis is explained. His selection of John Balliol as a subordinate Scottish king, and subsequent invasion of Scotland when John showed independence is discussed.
We hear about strong Scottish resistance to English rule was, and the leadership qualities of William Wallace, with images of many of the Scottish borderlands where battles were fought.
The strategic use of Stirling Bridge by the Scots to defeat the English is shown in detail.
The role of the Plantaganets' failure to subdue the Scots in creating Scottish national identity is considered.
This clip is taken from the original BBC Two series, The Plantagenets.
This clip could be used together with a map of the English and Welsh border, to identify the location of castles.
Pupils could consider why they were located in those particular places and in such great quantity (e.g. for defensive reasons).
This could be used to create a 'balance sheet' of Edward’s contrasting fortunes in each country.
Pupils could identify specific reasons for success in Wales and failure in Scotland, then arrange them in priority of significance for the outcome.
This clip will be relevant for teaching history at KS4 / GCSE in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and National 4, National 5 and Higher in Scotland.