History/Chemistry GCSE: Invention of motion pictures and celluloid

Michael Mosley, Cassie Newland and Mark Miodownik describe the scientific achievements of Eadweard Muybridge and Auguste and Louis Lumiere.

Eadweard Muybridge was tasked with finding out whether all horse’s feet leave the ground at the same time when they run.

He attached cameras to trip wires to take a series of images and proved that their feet do. These images were then shown in succession and became the first moving image.

In 1895 Auguste and Louis Lumiere invented the cinematograph and from here we now have the cinema.

The development of Celluloid and the work of the Kodak company are then described.

This clip is from the series The Genius of Invention.

Teacher Notes

This clip would be ideally suited to showing students the significant achievements of Muybridge and the Lumiere brothers.

It could set the scene for a project on this or other famous historical scientists.

Students could stain their written work with tea bags to make it look as if it were written many years ago.

Curriculum Notes

This clip will be relevant for teaching Chemistry and History. This topic appears in OCR, Edexcel, AQA, WJEC KS4/GCSE in England and Wales, CCEA GCSE in Northern Ireland and SQA National 4/5 in Scotland.

More from The Genius of Invention:

Development of photography by Daguerre and Fox Talbot
video
The invention of Morse code and the first transatlantic cable
video
The invention of photography by Nicephore Niepce
video
The invention of television by John Logie Baird
video
The invention of the telegraph by Cooke and Wheatstone
video
The invention of the telephone and how it changed society
video
The invention of wireless communication by Guglielmo Marconi
video
Trial of Baird and Marconi - E.M.I's competing television technologies
video
The impact of the steam engine
video
The invention of the electricity generator
video
The invention of the first power station
video
The invention of the steam engine
video
The invention of the turbine
video
The invention of the internal combustion engine
video
The invention of the jet engine
video
The invention of the railway
video
The invention of the steam locomotive
video