Geography KS3: Urbanisation in India

13 year olds Dua, Nayan and Amalia are on a trip of a lifetime to explore the impact of urbanisation on Bangalore, India.

They meet Chandra, a local geographer who guides them through the periphery of the city.

The pupils see how urbanisation has engulfed villages and created narrow streets and densely built housing.

The housing has been built to accommodate the rapidly growing population who move to Bangalore seeking work.

They are attracted by the development of the IT industry.

However, the pupils also explore the slum areas of Bangalore where people lack sanitation, healthcare and education.

They meet Anith who takes the pupils to his home to meet his family. Anith lives with his family in a one bedroomed house.

Although they appear poor, his parents describe the improvement in their quality of their life now they live in a home with facilities and access to employment.

This clip is from the series Exploration India.

Teacher Notes

Pupils have an opportunity to explore the impact of rapid urbanisation in Bangalore.

Pupils could consider why they might move to a city like Bangalore, where the tertiary industry in particular is booming.

They could consider what they might need in terms of shelter, water, sanitation, healthcare and education.

Pupils could consider the impact of urbanisation where they live and compare this to Bangalore:

Do they live in a rural location?

Where would they move to, to access higher education and career opportunities?

Do they live in an urban area? What did the area look like before urbanisation?

What are the positive and negative impacts of this growth?

Pupils might explore why the mother is now happy compared to her life before moving to the one-bedroomed home.

Curriculum Notes

This clip will be relevant for teaching Geography at KS3 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and 3rd Level in Scotland.

More from Exploration India:

India Tomorrow
Rural life in India
Exploring the scale of India
The Ganges
Working life in India