Geography KS3: Coastal flooding

Illustrated with case studies, this short film for secondary schools explains the causes and results of coastal flooding, focussing primarily on instances in the UK.

It looks at the impact of coastal flooding on communities and how patterns of flooding are changing over time.

It supports the requirement of the Key Stage 3 national curriculum in geography to develop an understanding of:

  • physical geography relating to: geological timescales and plate tectonics; rocks, weathering and soils; weather and climate, including the change in climate from the Ice Age to the present; and glaciation, hydrology and coasts.

Teacher Notes

This short film is an ideal tool to help students understand coastal flooding and its causes.

It can be used to prompt discussion about climate change and to get students to explore how climate change impacts on life in coastal communities.

It provides an opportunity for students to investigate whether or not there are links between climate change and coastal flooding, and to critically reflect on evidence presented as part of this investigation.

Points for discussion:

  • What is flooding?
  • What causes coastal flooding?
  • What causes river flooding?
  • How do humans respond to the risk of flooding?
  • Are responses to coastal flooding different to responses to river flooding?
  • Are patterns of flooding changing?
  • Can we predict when flooding will happen?

Suggested activities:
After watching the film, students could develop case studies and do fieldwork to explore the impact of coastal flooding.

Students could explore the physical processes used to protect coastal communities from flooding and the impact such measures have on the community and the physical environment.

Using data, students could explore patterns and trends of flooding, both coastal and river, and determine if flooding is becoming more or less common.

Following this, students could develop arguments for and against various protection measures and critically reflect on these.

Curriculum Notes

This short film is relevant for teaching geography at KS3 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and 3rd and 4th Level in Scotland.

More from this series:

Primary and secondary industries
Tertiary and quaternary industries
Plate tectonics
Rapid urbanisation
River flooding
Responses to flooding