Geography KS3 / GCSE: Wildlife adaptations of the Mediterranean

Ferne Corrigan visits the Malaga region of Spain to investigate the Mediterranean biome, she starts by describing the location of the biome around the world before describing the climate.

Ferne then identifies plant species found in the med, and how they have different root systems that help to get to the short supply of water in the region.

The focus then shifts to an olive grove and how olive trees cope with the environment.

Ferne then looks at cork oak and how farming and tourism are interdependent.

She explains cork oak farming and the adaptations made by the tree to enable it survive the forest fires that can break out.

On the subject of survival she then goes on to talk about how geckos have adapted to the environment to survive the hot and dry conditions.

The final segment looks at Mediterranean villages and the reasons why they are found on hillsides.

This clip is from the series Ecosystems and Biomes.

Teacher Notes

Key Stage 3

This could be used to introduce students to the Mediterranean biome and how people, plants and animals adapt to the conditions.

Students could be given a list of plants and asked to decide which ones would be best suited to survive in the hot, dry conditions.

They could then do the same for animals and insects, and look at what areas of the biome would be most suitable for human beings to live.

Key Stage 4

This could be used to refresh students knowledge of the Mediterranean biome and how people, plants and animals adapt to the conditions.

Students could be given a list of plants and asked to decide which ones would be best suited to survive in the hot, dry conditions.

They could then do the same for animals and insects, and look at what areas of the biome would be most suitable for human beings to live.

Curriculum Notes

This clip will be relevant for teaching Geography at KS3 and GCSE.

This topic appears in OCR, Edexcel, AQA, WJEC KS4/GCSE in England and Wales, CCEA GCSE in Northern Ireland and SQA National 4/5 in Scotland.