English KS2: Suffixes - part 1 of 4

Rule 1 is to add the suffix to any word that ends in two consonants, which is demonstrated by adding the suffix 'er' to 'walk' giving us 'walker', and adding 'est' to 'fast' giving us 'fastest'.

Rule 2 explains how any words with a short vowel sound followed by a consonant, such as 'hop', should have the last letter doubled before adding the suffix. Shown by adding the suffix 'ing' to 'hop' and giving us 'hopping'.

Rule 3 concerns words that end in a consonant followed by an 'e', such as 'hope'. With these words the 'e' must be removed before adding the suffix, making 'hope' into 'hoped, and 'hoping'.

The final rule reminds us that if the word ends in a consonant followed by a 'y', then you change the 'y' into an 'i'. For example, adding the suffix 'er' to 'cry' gives us 'crier'. The exception to this rule is to avoid double 'i', when adding the suffix 'ing', keep using the 'y', so 'cry' becomes 'crying'.

This short film is from the BBC series, Wonderful Words, a series of animated clips to support vocabulary knowledge.

Teacher Notes

This short film could be used to introduce suffixes and how they are added to words.

Pupils could be given a passage of text and asked to add the correct suffix.

Curriculum Notes

This short film is relevant to teaching English at KS2 level in England and Northern Ireland and Second Level in Scotland.

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