English KS1 / KS2: Understanding different poetry formats
Poetry works in many different forms: Haiku, Concrete poems, Sonnets, and Limericks all offer amazing ways to discover poetry.
Poet Joseph Coelho shows us how to recognise these different forms and explores how the way words are put together on a page can affect how you read a poem.
In explaining Haikus, Joe outlines how syllables work and how choosing the right words for your poem takes time and trying out different words until you find the right one.
He investigates how to select appropriate forms and how to use other poems as a model for your own.
Ideas for the classroom
Key Stage 1 (age 5-7):
Share with the children BEwARe by James Carter.
Allow time for the children to savour the language, discuss likes, dislikes, questions they have about the performance or connections they have – could they guess what the animal is, for example, using their wider knowledge? Is this like other poems they have read before? How is it the same? How is it different?
Go back to the poem, looking at how it is laid out on the page. What do the children notice about the way this poem is constructed? How does each line work? What does each phrase do? What is special about the way the title is written? The poem is built up of a series of kennings, a two-word phrase that describes an object in an interesting way. Kennings were first used in Anglo-Saxon and Norse poetry. Take another animal that is really well known to the children, such as a dog. Could they think of other kennings that could describe a dog?
Now compare this poem with Jungle Cat by Kate Wakeling. Discuss likes, dislikes, questions they have about the performance or connections they have. How is it different to BEwARe? Is there anything similar about it? Look at the freeness of the structure; this is an example of free verse, which has the natural rhythm of spoken language with no obvious form or style.
Encourage the children to have a go at writing their own kenning or free verse poetry, perhaps inspired by animals as they have seen the other poets do.
Key Stage 2 (age 7-11):
Share with the children a variety of poems showcasing different poetic forms. This could be done by giving small groups different examples to explore and discuss or by pinning them up around the room for the children to move round and explore. Allow time for the children to explore what each poem is like, how it looks on the page, any patterns within the poem.
Encourage the children to talk more about different poetic forms and structures, as Joe does with Haiku and Sonnets in the episode.
Give time and space for children to explore working with different forms and structures in their own independent poetry writing, perhaps inspired by topics and themes they have seen and explored in other poetry. Reflect on which forms they found easier to write in and why and whether particular forms suited certain themes or topics more than others.
This clip will be relevant for teaching Primary English.