Russia's council member at the IAAF, Mikhail Butov, says the length of his country's ban from track and field will depend on how convincingly Russian representatives can make the case that they have reformed.
"The period [of suspension] is unfortunately not prescribed and therefore will depend on how convincing we are with our case and how objective the commission is," he told reporters. "We'll work with them.''
The United States representative on the IAAF council, Stephanie Hightower, called suspending the Russian track team "the only proper course of action".
Hightower, the president of USA track and field, was one of 22 council members to vote in favour of banning Russia from international competition.
"The IAAF has an obligation to protect athletes, and this action sends a clear message to clean athletes that protecting them and protecting the sport, with a culture of accountability, is our top priority," said Hightower.
The IAAF provisionally suspended Russia after the publication of an independent World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada) report that alleged "state-sponsored doping".
A wada spokesperson said: “Wada welcomes the IAAF's decision to declare the All-Russian Athletics Federation (Araf) non-compliant and provisionally suspend the federation; this was one of the core recommendations in the Wada independent commission's Report.
"The decision is positive news for clean athletes worldwide.
"We will make no further comment at this time.”
BBC Radio 5 live athletics commentator
"This is an encouraging strength of feeling, a clear signal to Russia that their era of winning dirty is over.
“Many spoke of this as a defining day for Lord Coe - it isn’t. There’s much more to do but this is an encouraging day for the new IAAF president.”
In a television interview, IAAF president Lord Coe was asked if he expected to see Russia competing at the Rio Games next year.
"It is entirely up to the Russian federation and the speed with which we can enact chance," he said.
"Our verification team will be tough. We will want to make sure before there is a reintroduction to the sport for their athletes and their federation that those changes have taken place and not before.
"It is for the IAAF and no other organisation to make that judgement."
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If you think Russia is the only country with systemic doping problems think again, according to UK Athletics chairman Ed Warner.
And Warner said he feels sports other than athletics have reason to be concerned at how Russian sport is run.
"This iceberg spreads in two different directions," he said before the IAAF provisionally suspended Russia's athletics federation. "I suspect there are probably four, five or six nations that athletics has a problem with."
He added: "Every other international sport today should be looking at Russian sport and looking at whether the men and women who compete in their events are clean."
"They do not have robust anti-doping regimes. They are asleep on the job - and they have to be rooted out."
- Copyright: AP
Here's more from Russia Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko, who said the provisional ban of the country's athletics federation is "temporary" and the "problem is solvable".
"The chance to perform at the  Olympic Games is still there," Mutko told Russian state news agency TASS over the phone.
"The suspension is temporary and we need to implement a number of demands in the next few months."
Former sprinter Frankie Fredericks, head of the IAAF athletes commission, believes Lord Coe is the right man to clean up athletics.
"We are angry at the damage being caused to the reputation and credibility of athletics and are united alongside our president to not shy away from the major challenges that face our sport," he said in an IAAF statement.
"The athletes will work together to continue the process of cleaning up athletics to ensure those athletes training and competing cleanly are not tainted by the minority.
"We send a clear message to clean athletes in a dirty system to report any doping or cheating that they see or hear about.
"We are 100% in support of president Coe and believe that he is the leader that our sport needs to instigate the necessary actions swiftly and strongly."
- Copyright: PA
Prior to the news of the IAAF provisionally suspended Russia's Athletics federation, pole vault world record holder, and one of Russia's most decorated athletes, Yelena Isinbayeva, wrote an open letter.
She said that she was clean, and that to deny Russian athletes a chance to compete at Rio Olympics would be "unjust and unfair".
"Throughout my sports career, I honestly worked, trained, won world championships and the Olympic Games, broke world records," said the 33-year-old, who won bronze at London 2012.
"All my victories are honest, clean and well-deserved. I have clearly and strictly observed and continue to comply with all the rules of the anti-doping campaign.
"But I urge you not to align all athletes with the same brush."
This has just come in from the Russian team at BBC Monitoring:
Russian Sports Minister Vitaliky Mutko says the IAAF's suspension of Russia's Athletics Federation is "temporary" and that the "problem is solvable", the Tass news agency reports.
He said a special commission is still to look into the affair and that there is still "a chance" that Russia will take part in the Olympic Games in Rio.
In the IAAF details about the provisional suspension of Russia's Athletics Federation, it said the punishment does not:
- prevent athletes in Russia from participating in domestic competitions.
- remove or waive the obligations on international level athletes in Russia to comply with the IAAF anti-doping rules, including continuing to be subject to out of competition testing.
The consequences of the provisional suspension are:
- athletes, and athlete support personnel from Russia may not compete in International Competitions including World Athletic Series competitions and the Olympic Games.
- Russia will not be entitled to host the 2016 World Race Walking Cup (Cheboksary) and 2016 World Junior Championships (Kazan).
- that Araf delegates the conduct of all outstanding doping cases to Court of Arbitration for Sport.
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IAAF statement president Lord Coe says the suspension of Russia's Athletics Federation (Araf) is the "toughest sanction" that could have been taken.
“Today we have been dealing with the failure of Araf and made the decision to provisionally suspend them, the toughest sanction we can apply at this time," he said.
"But we discussed and agreed that the whole system has failed the athletes, not just in Russia, but around the world.
"This has been a shameful wake up call and we are clear that cheating at any level will not be tolerated.
"To this end, the IAAF, Wada, the member federations and athletes need to look closely at ourselves, our cultures and our processes to identify where failures exist and be tough in our determination to fix them and rebuild trust in our sport.
"There can be no more important focus for our sport.”
"The council of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) has provisionally suspended the All-Russia Athletic Federation (Araf) as an IAAF Member with immediate effect.
The decision was taken at today’s 201st IAAF Council Meeting which was held by teleconference and chaired from London by IAAF President Sebastian Coe.
"A total of 24 Members of Council took part in the meeting: 22 voted in favour of the sanction against Araf, who have been officially informed of the council’s decision, one voted against.
"The Council Member from Russia was not eligible to participate in the vote."
Russia's Athletic Federation (Araf) has been provisionally suspended by the IAAF following allegations of "state-sponsored doping" in a World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada) independent report, says BBC Sport's Richard Conway.
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In the wake of the independent Wada report, Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered an investigation into claims the country's athletes have been part of a systematic doping programme.
Putin also said athletes should be punished individually, rather than collectively.
"Sportsmen who don't dope - and never have - must not answer for those who break the rules," he said.
"If we find that someone must be held responsible for something of the sort that breaks the rules in place against doping, then the responsibility must be personalised - that's the rule."
He added: "The battle must be open. A sporting contest is only interesting when it is honest."
- Copyright: PA
In the aftermath of the report, IAAF president Lord Coe said Russia could face sanctions and even suspension from athletics' world governing body.
He told BBC sports news correspondent Richard Conway the findings had been a surprise and that "the scale and depth of the allegations is truly shocking".
"It is the right thing to do to get them to give us an answer," he said.
"I am responsible for the conduct of my sport and I want answers from the Russian athletics federation.
"I am tough enough to defend my sport but the point I would emphasise is this is not just limited to athletics or Russia.
"We clearly have to understand full scope of allegations. We will look at ourselves. We will move quickly on this. I want to see a sport which is transparent and accountable and I will do what I can to do that. It will not be a swift road."
The Wada independent report was commissioned on a "very narrow mandate" to "determine the accuracy" of allegations made in a German TV documentary about Russian athletics last December.
It claimed Russian athletes paid 5% of their earnings to domestic doping officials to supply banned substances and cover-up tests, while athletics' world governing body the IAAF was implicated in covering up the abuse.
The programme's claims of widespread doping were made by former Russian Anti-Doping Agency (Rusada) official Vitaly Stepanov and his wife Yulia (nee Rusanova), formerly an 800m runner who was banned for doping.
It included testimony from Russian athletes admitting to using banned substances and evidence of doping and corruption.
Separate doping claims were made in August when The Sunday Times and a German broadcaster claimed that leaked blood tests from 5,000 athletes over 11 years showed an "extraordinary extent of cheating".
Mike Skipper on Facebook: "As a serving England manager of one of the nation's angling squads, I'll be very disappointed if the IAAF do not take the most serious of decisions tonight.
"Even in angling we have to abide by the rules as dictated by WADA. Blatant drug taking and bending of the rules deserved the nation to be held responsible for their actions.
"However, I also feel sorry for those athletes and others sports personalities who are clean; and that will miss out on future championships."
- Copyright: Reuters
Dick Pound is the head of the commission that produced the report and is a former president of Wada.
"For 2016, our recommendation is that the Russian Federation be suspended," he said earlier this week when revealing the findings of the report.
"In fact, one of our hopes is that they will volunteer that, so that they can take the remedial work in time to make sure that Russian athletes can compete under a new framework."
He added: "It's worse than we thought, It has the effect of factually affecting the results on the field of play and athletes, both in Russia and abroad, are suffering as a result."
- Copyright: EPA
Wada's independent report also:
- Said that Russian security service FSB were present at the Moscow and Sochi labs and that this was part of a wider pattern of "direct intimidation and interference by the Russian state with the Moscow laboratory operations."
- Found that Rusada gave athletes advance notice of tests, hid missed tests, bullied doping control officers and their families and took bribes to cover up missed tests.
- Found that a number of Russian athletes suspected of doping could have been prevented from competing at the London 2012 Olympics had it not been for "the collective and inexplicable laissez-faire policy" adopted by the IAAF and the Russian athletics federation.
- Found that Russian law enforcement was involved in efforts to "interfere with integrity of samples".
- Found evidence of multiple rules breaches by IAAF officials and found the governing body to be "inexplicably lax in following up suspicious blood (and other) profiles".
As you can imagine, it's pretty serious stuff so let's go through some of the main points from the report which:
- Revealed many instances of inadequate testing and poor compliance around testing standards.
- Suggested that neither the Russian athletics federation (Araf) the Russian anti-doping agency (Rusada), nor the Russian Federation can be considered anti-doping code-compliant.
- Recommended that Wada withdraw its accreditation of the Moscow laboratory as soon as possible and advocated the permanent removal of its director Grigory Rodchenko, whom it accuses of asking for and accepting bribes and intentionally destroying samples he was told to keep.
- Confirmed allegations that some Russian doctors and/or laboratory personnel acted as enablers for systematic cheating along with athletics coaches.
- Identified the intentional and malicious destruction of more than 1,400 samples by Moscow laboratory officials after receiving written notification from Wada to preserve target samples.
- Copyright: EPA
We have reached this stage of affairs after Wada's independent commission examined allegations of doping, cover-ups, and extortion in Russian athletics, which also implicated the IAAF.
It says London 2012 was "sabotaged" by "widespread inaction" against athletes with suspicious doping profiles.
The report also put forward that five Russian athletes and five coaches should be given lifetime doping bans.
If you were an IAAF member with a vote, what would you do? Do Russia's athletes deserve to be suspended or not?
Let us know at #bbcathletics or post a message on our Facebook page.
BBC Radio 5 live sports news correspondent
"Two-and-a-half hours now since the meeting was supposed to have started and no sign of movement from the 6th floor of the office block in central London where Lord Coe is chairing the meeting.
"The silence won't last for long though. The decision is looming."
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One person who will be voting to have Russia suspended is Sylvia Barlag, the Dutch IAAF council member.
"I am ready to ask for a provisional suspension of ARAF," she told BBC Radio 5 live. "This is only the first step in a process.
"I would think under the discussion we will come up with a provisional suspension where they are posed a few conditions under which they will be allowed to return.
"The case, as far as it is proven by WADA, is there. We don't have to prove that again.
"I am sure many members of the council are saying we shouldn't suspend them because it will punish the clean athletes. I totally understand that.
"However, I still think we should suspend. It is not about the individual athletes. It is about the system."
The IAAF meeting started at 18:00 GMT and one of the first events was Mikhail Butov of Russia detailing the position of his country's athletics federation (Araf).
He will then be excluded from the meeting and voting.
The remainder of the debate will involve:
- Individual Council Member interventions
- President Lord Coe's response and close of debate
- A vote - it's one member one vote and the decision of the majority prevails. In the event of a tie, IAAF president Lord Coe has the casting vote.
- The decision will then be relayed (excuse the pun) to ARAF and the council members before being filtered down to the rest of us.
- Copyright: EPA
To give you the specifics, a World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada) independent report accused Russia of "state-sponsored doping" and recommended the country's athletes be banned from Rio 2016.
The Russian athletics federation, Araf, had until the end of the week to respond to the allegations, which they have done.
In its defence, Russia claimed "irregularities" around its drug-testing system were down to the sport's "old leadership".
The IAAF are currently considering Russia's response and we will find out shortly.
There's no race. Usain Bolt isn't facing off against Justin Gatlin, there's no world record attempt going on but, as days in athletics go, today is huge.
It's so big we've gone rogue to bring you a live on the latest as the head honchos of world athletics meet to decide whether to exclude Russia from the 2016 Olympics in Rio.
So, not only historical but serious, very serious.Copyright: PA