Monaco GP: Putting Lewis Hamilton's 'miracle' in perspective

By Jolyon PalmerFormer Renault driver & BBC Radio 5 Live commentator
Jolyon Palmer

Former F1 driver Jolyon Palmer, who left Renault during the 2017 season, is part of the BBC team and offers insight and analysis from the point of view of the competitors

Lewis Hamilton won the Monaco Grand Prix with a perfectly measured drive - but was it really the "miracle" he talked about on the radio?

Hamilton was clearly struggling with his medium-compound tyres, particularly his left front, as he held on against Max Verstappen's Red Bull in a race that had us all on the edge of our seats until the very end.

Inside the car, it must have been hugely uncomfortable for Hamilton. Of all the drivers he could have been holding on against, Verstappen was probably the one he wanted behind him the least.

The Dutchman is always so aggressive, and the fact he had a five-second penalty for an unsafe release put an extra element into the mix. Verstappen knew he had to pass Hamilton or he wouldn't even finish on the podium.

That meant the risk-versus-reward balance of passing in Monaco was edging more towards risk for him.

The role of Hamilton's radio

Lewis Hamilton and Max Verstappen
Lewis Hamilton described his victory in Monaco as a "miracle" on the team radio

Hearing Hamilton's team radio undoubtedly made the race more exciting. He was frequently in discussion with his engineers, saying how difficult his job was and how he would never be able to do it.

No matter what they came back with, Hamilton was insistent for a long time that this was a race he couldn't win.

There are two ways to look at this.

On the one hand, Hamilton was clearly uncomfortable in his car, and was not happy having Verstappen pressuring him so closely for the majority of the race.

Any slip from Hamilton and Verstappen would have been through. Had he got into the lead on track, Verstappen's pace advantage meant he would surely have made up enough time out front to win the race, even with his penalty.

With victory in the most prestigious race of the season at stake, it's perhaps unsurprising he sounded so anxious on the radio.

For me, though, there was an element of showmanship in Hamilton's radio messages. It was all a bit 'Hollywood'.

No other driver would have been on the radio in quite the dramatic way Hamilton was. In fact, we barely heard any other team radio throughout the race, apart from the odd gee-up from Verstappen's race engineer, in typically casual fashion.

Making a drama out of a crisis

You could of course understand Hamilton questioning the tyre choice his Mercedes team made.

Pitting Hamilton on to medium tyres instead of the hard, which both Ferrari and Red Bull opted for, made his life more difficult.

If Hamilton had been on hard tyres, he would have easily had the tyre life to get to the end, and we almost certainly wouldn't have witnessed such a race.

But having made his point and questioned it, the constant drama was escalating across the radio as the laps ticked by.

Max Verstappen
Max Verstappen dropped from second on the road to fourth in the results because of a five-second penalty

Because nothing appeared to be changing - Hamilton still had Verstappen at a close, yet comfortable distance - the world champion's showmanship out front really added something to the grand prix.

We were all thinking: 'Surely he can't do it; he knows he can't do it.' It had the ingredients of a Monaco classic.

But in reality, Hamilton still had the race under control.

Without a massive car advantage and a huge amount of risk, you can't pass at Monaco.

Ferrari driver Sebastian Vettel in third and Hamilton's team-mate Valtteri Bottas in fourth knew that for the entire race. They didn't seem to even think about giving it a go as they just circulated within five seconds of Verstappen for the 62 laps post-safety car and waited to head to the podium at the end.

And while I really admire Verstappen for giving it a go, he never really got close enough to seriously challenge.

How Hamilton stayed in control

The problem Hamilton had was with his front tyres, not his rears. That meant he could always get perfect traction off the corners and disappear on the straights in the crucial places - into the chicane and into Sainte Devote.

Verstappen tried his best - his lunge at the Nouvelle Chicane towards the end was a commendable attempt at doing the impossible - but it was never going to work.

It was clear that Verstappen was driving on the limit in his attempts to engineer an opportunity. He had a few lock-ups, he was sliding on traction, he even had to cut the second part of the Swimming Pool chicane once because he had a huge slide on the entry. But Hamilton never even so much as locked a wheel under this mountain of pressure.

On the one hand it goes to show how well he was dealing with it, but on the other it shows how in relative control he was, and his pace throughout the race backs that notion up.

Just how slowly was Hamilton going?

As soon as the safety car came in and the race restarted, Hamilton was lapping unbelievably slowly. At first he was two seconds per lap off Racing Point's Sergio Perez back in 17th place. Then even George Russell's Williams was a second faster than him, despite being on a harder tyre and qualifying over three seconds slower than his compatriot in the slowest car on the grid.

Hamilton knew what he was doing. He was controlling the pace because the only way he could lose the race was if he pushed too hard and damaged his tyres.

I don't think Hamilton ever really truly pushed during the grand prix, which is why he was so consistent with his driving, and probably why he was able to narrate the story of the race so well with his team over the radio.

Lewis Hamilton leads the Monaco Grand Prix
Lewis Hamilton had to do 66 laps on a set of mediums, when they were only projected to last 50

Yes, his tyres would have degraded at a higher level than the hard tyres, and different cars work their tyres differently as well.

And after the race Mercedes accepted responsibility for the error of putting Hamilton on to the mediums and said it made his race harder, which it undeniably did.

But further back, Renault also pitted Daniel Ricciardo on to the mediums at the same time as Hamilton and he faced no such issues.

After running in fifth early on, Renault made another wrong call with the strategy and pitted Ricciardo into traffic that would ruin his race.

But after Kimi Raikkonen's Alfa Romeo pitted and finally released Ricciardo into clear air at the end of lap 46, the Australian was actually 11.2 seconds quicker than Hamilton to the flag over the remaining 32 laps.

What was even more clear is that when Haas driver Romain Grosjean was penalised for crossing the pit-exit white line with a few laps to go, and Ricciardo needed to push to get within five seconds of him to claim the place at the end of the race, he was able to find a super-quick pace.

As soon as he was told on the radio, Ricciardo was able to lap 1-1.5 seconds quicker than he had been doing when dawdling along thinking his race was done.

On the final lap, Ricciardo was more than a second and a half quicker than anyone, apart from Hulkenberg. Clearly there wasn't a lot wrong with his medium tyres at least.

As I said, tyres don't necessarily behave the same on one car compared to another. It depends on the race and the exact minutiae of sliding and temperatures and how it all comes together.

But convention says that Ricciardo spending 30 laps in traffic would have made his tyres worse at the end, because you slide more than when you are in clean air, as you have less downforce.

How good was the win?

Lewis Hamilton stands on the podium
Hamilton now holds a 17-point lead over his team-mate Valtteri Bottas in the championship

Was this a great win for Hamilton? Absolutely.

But I don't actually see this as anywhere near the level of the battle between Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell battle in Monaco in 1992.

I'd urge those who do to rewatch the end of that grand prix, because Mansell on much fresher tyres and a faster car was crawling all over the back of Senna, to the point that Senna had to defend practically every corner and many straights as well in the closing laps.

I only saw Hamilton defend once all grand prix, into the Loews hairpin.

Without Hamilton's team radio and with Vettel in second instead of Verstappen, the perception of this race would be very different.

It was a mixture of Hamilton's radio and Verstappen's aggression that made this race worth watching at all. After all, Vettel offered nothing in third this year and he offered nothing for the win this time last year when it was Ricciardo out front with a serious engine issue.

Hamilton's dramatic radio is what turned the race into box-office entertainment. But as this will go down as a great Monaco race, maybe that's no bad thing.

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