Premier League, EFL, Scottish football: Ups, downs & European qualification

Manchester City lift the Premier League trophy
Manchester City were the first English team to book their place in Europe - and could still lift three trophies this season

BBC Sport outlines the battles for promotion and relegation - and the race for European qualification - in England and Scotland.

Recent promotions, relegations, titles & qualifications

18 May: Wolves qualify for Europa League
18 May:Clyde promoted to Scottish League One
18 May:Berwick Rangers replaced in SPFL by Cove Rangers
12 May: Manchester City win Premier League title
12 May: Tottenham clinch Champions League place
12 May: Chorley and Woking promoted to National League
11 May: Salford City promoted to League Two
11 May: Stenhousemuir relegated to Scottish League Two

Premier League

Four teams qualify automatically for next season's Champions League group stage - champions Manchester City, runners-up Liverpool, along with Chelsea and Tottenham Hotspur.

Fifth-placed Arsenal will enter the Europa League at the group stage. If they win the Europa League final, they will qualify for the Champions League and there will be only two English clubs in the Europa League.

With Manchester City having won the Carabao Cup and FA Cup, those Europa places revert to the league, so sixth-placed Manchester United will enter the Europa League at the group stage, with seventh-placed Wolverhampton Wanderers entering at the second qualifying round.

Huddersfield Town confirmed their relegation to the Championship on 30 March after a 2-0 defeat at Crystal Palace and they were joined by Fulham three days later after the Cottagers lost 4-1 at Watford. Cardiff City became the final team to be relegated following a 3-2 defeat at home by Palace on 4 May.

Championship

Norwich celebrate promotion
Norwich were promoted with a game to spare, and made sure of the title on the final day

Norwich City clinched promotion to the Premier League on 27 April with a 2-1 win over Blackburn and sealed the title by winning 2-1 at Aston Villa on the final day. They will go up with Sheffield United, who claimed the second automatic promotion spot on 28 April when Leeds drew with Aston Villa.

In the play-off final on Monday 27 May, Derby County will face Aston Villa for the final promotion place.

Ipswich Town became the first EFL side to be relegated when they drew 1-1 with Birmingham on 13 April. Bolton Wanderers will join them in League One next season after a 2-0 defeat by Aston Villa on 19 April and Rotherham United completed the relegated trio after losing 2-1 at West Brom on 27 April.

League One

Luton celebrate winning the League One title
Luton finished three points clear of runners-up Barnsley

Luton Town and Barnsley were both promoted to the Championship without kicking a ball on 30 April after their nearest rivals both lost, and the Hatters clinched the title by beating Oxford 3-1 on the final day of the season.

In the play-off final on 26 May, Charlton Athletic will play Sunderland for the final promotion place.

Bradford City were relegated to League Two on 19 April after they lost 2-0 at Coventry and other results went against them later that day. On the final day of the season, Plymouth Argyle beat Scunthorpe United 3-2 but both teams were relegated, while Walsall joined them after a goalless draw with Shrewsbury.

League Two

Lincoln City celebrate promotion
Lincoln were the first English team to clinch promotion

Lincoln City became the first EFL team to be promoted when they drew 1-1 with Cheltenham on 13 April and they clinched the title on 22 April. Bury were promoted to League One on 30 April after drawing 1-1 at Tranmere, and Milton Keynes Dons went up on the final day after beating Mansfield 1-0.

In the play-off final on 25 May, Newport County will face Tranmere Rovers for the fourth and final promotion place.

Yeovil Town's relegation to the National League was confirmed on 27 April after a 2-2 draw at Northampton. while Notts County were relegated on the final day after losing 3-1 at Swindon.

National League

Leyton Orient celebrate promotion
Leyton Orient have returned to the EFL after a two-year absence

Leyton Orient were promoted to League Two after drawing 0-0 with Braintree on the final day of the season to clinch the title. Salford City earned the second promotion place after beating AFC Fylde 3-0 in the play-off final.

Maidstone United, Havant & Waterlooville, Braintree Town and Aldershot Town have been relegated and will be replaced by the champions and play-off winners of the National League North and South divisions.

Torquay United clinched the National League South title with Woking winning the play-offs. Stockport County won the North title, with Chorley triumphing in the play-offs.

Scottish Premiership

Celtic celebrate winning the Scottish title
Celtic clinched the title with two games to spare

Celtic won an eighth consecutive title with a 3-0 win at Aberdeen on 4 May and will enter the Champions League at the first qualifying round.

Runners-up Rangers and third-placed Kilmarnock will enter the Europa League at the first qualifying round.

If Hearts win the Scottish Cup final on 25 May, they will qualify for the Europa League, while if Celtic win the Cup, that Europa spot will pass to fourth-placed Aberdeen.

Dundee were relegated to the Scottish Championship on 4 May after losing 1-0 to Hamilton Academical.St Mirren will face Championship play-off winners Dundee United over two legs (on 23 and 26 May), with the losers in the second tier next season.

Scottish Championship

Ross County celebrate
Ross County clinched the Championship title with a game to spare

Ross County secured the title and automatic promotion to the Premiership after thumping Queen of the South 4-0 on 27 April.

Dundee United will face Premiership second-bottom side St Mirren in the two-legged play-off final on 23 and 26 May, with a spot in the top flight the prize.

Falkirk were relegated to League One on the final day of the season despite beating champions Ross County 3-2.Meanwhile, Queen of the South retained their Championship status after beating League One side Raith Rovers in the play-off final.

Scottish League One

Arbroath players celebrate after clinching promotion
Arbroath were the first Scottish team to clinch promotion

Champions Arbroath, who clinched the title after drawing 1-1 with Brechin City on 13 April, will be the only side promoted to the Scottish Championship after Raith Rovers lost the play-off final to Championship side Queen of the South.

Brechin City are relegated to Scottish League Two after drawing 1-1 on the final day with Stenhousemuir, who went down after losing to Annan in the play-off semi-finals.

Scottish League Two

Peterhead's Mark Leitch celebrates
Peterhead had to wait until the final day of the season to be promoted

Peterhead were promoted to Scottish League One as champions, sealing the title with a 2-0 win at Queen's Park on the final day. They will be joined by Clyde, who beat Annan Athletic in the play-off final.

Bottom team Berwick Rangers were relegated to the Lowland League after losing their play-off to Highland League champions Cove Rangers, who will become the SPFL's newest team in 2019-20.