Gabon midfielder Guelor Kanga has been banned for three matches by the Russian Football Union for gesturing at fans who he claims racially abused him.
The FC Rostov player, 24, says he was targeted with monkey chants by Spartak Moscow fans during their Russian Premier League match on Thursday.
He responded with what the RFU ruled to be an "insulting gesture to fans" and was also fined 50,000 rubles (£600).
Spartak have been fined for their fans "chanting insulting expressions".
They received a 70,000 rubles (£830) fine for the charge, which usually refers to swearing rather than the separate offence of racist chanting.
But Artur Grigoryants, head of the RFU's disciplinary committee, has been reported by Reuters as saying: "We did not hear any monkey chants on the video recordings, which the referee and Spartak supported."
In September, Dynamo Moscow defender Christopher Samba was given a two-match ban in similar circumstances after Torpedo Moscow fans racially abused him.