Relegated Dundee will travel to promoted Queen of the South on the opening day of First Division fixtures for next season.
Alloa Athletic, who are also new to Scotland's second tier, are at home to Livingston on 10 August.
Morton host Cowdenbeath, Falkirk visit Dumbarton and Raith Rovers are at home to Hamilton Academical.
In Division Two, Rangers kick off with a home match against Brechin, while demoted Dunfermline meet East Fife.
The campaign will see all of Scotland's senior clubs under the banner of a newly-created Scottish Professional Football League, which will be ratified later this month.
Hamilton, Falkirk and Queen of the South will have new artificial surfaces installed in time for the big kick-off.
Opening day fixtures:
Alloa Athletic v Livingston
Dumbarton v Falkirk
Morton v Cowdenbeath
Queen of the South v Dundee
Raith Rovers v Hamilton Academical
Arbroath v Ayr United
East Fife v Dunfermline Athletic
Forfar Athletic v Airdrieonians
Rangers v Brechin City
Stenhousemuir v Stranraer
Clyde v Berwick Rangers
Elgin City v Albion Rovers
Montrose v Stirling Albion
Peterhead v Annan Athletic
Queen's Park v East Stirlingshire