Play-off myths explored

Play-off trophy, Champagne, Wembley Way and the Wembley Arch, Dean Windass

The formula for winning the Championship play-offs is well known.

Sneak in with a late surge before going on to shock the sides that finished above you in the table. Form is everything, final league position means nothing.

But is this true? We have looked back at the last 20 seasons of the Championship play-offs to analyse these theories. Is there method to them, or are they a myth?

Table one analyses final league position and success in the play-offs.

It might provide some comfort for Watford fans after their side missed out to Hull in the battle for automatic promotion last weekend. Five of the last seven teams to finish in third position in the table have been promoted via the play-offs - a run that was started by Watford themselves in 2006.

Brighton supporters might not be so positive though, as history shows that just three of the teams who have finished fourth have been promoted in the last 20 years. The last team to do it was Charlton in 1998 after perhaps the most dramatic play-off final ever.

And what about Brighton's play-off semi-final opponents, Crystal Palace? The table shows that the team finishing fifth has been promoted twice as many times as the team in fourth has.

Leicester sneaked into the final play-offs with virtually the last kick of their last game against Nottingham Forest. The news for them is mixed. Only four teams finishing sixth in the last 20 years have been promoted via the play-offs. But in the last 10 years, every time a sixth-placed team has reached the final they have won, most recently in 2010 when Blackpool beat Cardiff in a thrilling game.

There is one position a superstitious supporter will not want their team to finish in though - fourth. It is 15 years since a team finishing fourth has won the play-offs. Indeed the fifth-placed team has been more likely to get promoted and more likely to get to the final. This is bad news for Brighton but very good news for their rivals Crystal Palace.

So are we to conclude that form going into the play-offs is more important than final league position?

Palace fans will surely be concerned about their side's recent run, as their last-gasp winner against Peterborough secured their first win in seven games. Can a team on such a poor run of form get promoted?

Table two looks at the form of each of the play-off teams from 1 April to the end of the season.

Brighton clearly have the best form of the four teams in the play-offs, having accrued an average of 2.14 points per game from their last seven matches. History shows that teams with the best form have reached the final 50% of the time since 1992-93, and nine of those 10 teams have actually won the play-offs.

But there is one caveat. In the last seven years, only one team with the best form - West Ham last year - have reached the final,

Surprisingly, it is the third-ranked team in terms of form who have reached the final most often - 14 times in the last 20 years. Saying that, they have only won five of those games. Leicester rank third in terms of form going into the Championship play-offs this season.

However, there is another way of looking at form that might be important this year. No side with form as poor as Leicester's (1.29 points per game since 1 April) and Crystal Palace's (1.00 points per game) has been promoted in the last 20 years. The winning sides with the worst form going into the play-offs were Derby in 1995 and Bolton in 2007, who both averaged 1.33 points per game in April and May.

As always, you should be careful about using past performance to predict the future. But if you do want to make a prediction based on statistics and where a side finished in the table, Watford are a good bet.

If you want to look at form though, then Brighton are the best bet. And if you are Crystal Palace fan, you might want to pray this is the time the formbook really does go out of the window.

Table One

Below teams finished third, fourth, fifth and sixth in the play-offs in their respective seasons. Teams in bold were promoted in the play-offs, and team in italics runners-up.

1992/93: Portsmouth, Tranmere, Swindon, Leicester

1993/94: Millwall, Leicester, Tranmere, Derby

1994/95:Reading,Bolton, Wolves, Tranmere

1995/96: C Palace, Stoke, Leicester, Charlton

1996/97: Wolves, Ipswich, Sheff Utd,C Palace

1997/98:Sunderland,Charlton, Ipswich, Sheff Utd

1998/99: Ipswich, Birmingham, Watford,Bolton

1999/2000: Ipswich,Barnsley, Birmingham, Bolton

2000/01: Bolton,Preston, Birmingham, West Brom

2001/02: Wolves, Millwall, Birmingham, Norwich

2002/03:Sheff Utd, Reading, Wolves, Nott'm Forest

2003/04:Sunderland, West Ham, Ipswich, C Palace

2004/05: Ipswich, Derby, Preston,West Ham

2005/06: Watford, Preston, Leeds, C Palace

2006/07: Derby, West Brom, Wolves, Southampton

2007/08: Hull, Bristol City, Crystal Palace, Watford

2008/09: Sheff Utd, Reading, Burnley, Preston

2009/10: Nott'm Forest, Cardiff, Leicester, Blackpool

2010/11: Swansea, Cardiff, Reading, Nott'm Forest

2011/12: West Ham, Birmingham, Blackpool, Cardiff

2012/13: Watford, Brighton, C Palace, Leicester

60% of of teams that finished third reached the play-off final, with 45% from fourth, 55% from fifth and 40% from sixth.

35% of of teams that finished third won promotion, with 15% from fourth, 30% from fifth and 20% from sixth.

25% of of teams that finished third finished runner-up, with 30% from fourth, 25% from fifth and 20% from sixth.

Table Two

Below teams finished in the play-offs in their respective seasons. Teams in bold were promoted in the play-offs, and team in italics runners-up.

1992/93: Portsmouth: 2.38, Tranmere: 2.33, Swindon: 1.38, Leicester: 1.33

1993/94: Tranmere: 1.78, Derby: 1.67, Leicester: 1.44, Millwall: 1.40

1994/95:Reading: 2.29, Tranmere: 1.38, Bolton: 1.33, Wolves: 1.30

1995/96: Leicester: 2.38, Stoke: 2.11, C Palace: 1.43, Charlton: 1.00

1996/97: Ipswich: 2.67, Wolves: 1.67, Sheff Utd: 1.60, C Palace: 1.50

1997/98: Charlton: 2.71, Ipswich: 2.29, Sunderland: 2.00, Sheff Utd: 1.00

1998/99: Watford: 2.75, Ipswich: 1.62, Birmingham: 1.62, Bolton: 1.33

1999/2000: Ipswich: 2.29, Bolton: 2.29, Barnsley: 1.57, Birmingham: 1.57

2000/01: Bolton: 1.88, Preston: 1.75, Birmingham: 1.12, West Brom: 1.00

2001/02: Millwall: 2.50, Norwich: 2.50, Birmingham: 1.80, Wolves: 1.00

2002/03: Wolves: 1.86, Reading: 1.71, Sheff Utd: 1.38, Nott'm Forest: 1.12

2003/04: Crystal Palace: 2.38, West Ham: 1.57, Ipswich: 1.57, Sunderland: 1.56

2004/05: West Ham: 2.12, Derby: 1.88, Ipswich: 1.71, Preston: 1.57

2005/06:Preston: 2.67, Watford: 1.80, Leeds: 1.00, C Palace: 1.00

2006/07: Southampton: 2.00, Wolves: 1.67, West Brom: 1.50, Derby 1.33

2007/08: C Palace: 2.40, Hull: 1.40, Watford: 0.83, Bristol City: 0.80

2008/09:Preston: 2.17, Sheff Utd: 2.00, Burnley: 1.83, Reading: 1.29

2009/10:Leicester: 2.50, Blackpool: 2.17, Cardiff: 1.83, Nott'm Forest: 1.50

2010/11: Cardiff: 2.22, Reading: 2.12, Nott'm Forest: 1.88, Swansea: 1.75

2011/12: West Ham: 2.33, Cardiff: 2.33, Blackpool: 2.00, Birmingham: 1.86

2012/13:Brighton: 2.14, Watford: 1.43, Leicester: 1.29, C Palace: 1.0

Of those teams that finished third, nine were promoted (45%) while one lost in the final (50%).

Of those teams that finished fourth, three were promoted (15%) while six lost in the final (45%).

Of those teams that finished fifth, five were promoted (25%) while nine lost in the final (70%).

Of those teams that finished sixth, three were promoted (15%) while four lost in the final (35%).