Mark Cavendish, Geraint Thomas and Lizzie Armitstead lead the British team for the UCI Road World Championships in Virginia from September 19-27.
Cavendish's selection was announced before the 2011 world champion pulled out of the Tour of Britain on Friday.
But Chris Froome is not named after breaking a foot in the Vuelta a Espana.
"We've selected a really exciting team of riders to contest this year's road world championships," said coach co-ordinator Iain Dyer.
"We have high hopes for a number of riders in terms of medal prospects but it will also be a fantastic opportunity for some of the younger and less experienced members of the team to compete at an international event for the first time."
Others selected in the 15-strong elite squad include four-time national time-trial champion Alex Dowsett and Hayley Simmonds, who makes her Great Britain debut after winning the women's time-trial title in June.
News of Cavendish's withdrawal from the Tour of Britain was announced by his team Etixx-Quick-Step, who believe he injured the same shoulder he dislocated during the 2014 Tour de France when he hit a parked car.
GB team for UCI World Championships:
Ian Stannard, Mark Cavendish, Ben Swift, Stephen Cummings, Geraint Thomas, Andy Fenn, Luke Rowe, Scott Thwaites, Alex Dowsett.
Lizzie Armitstead, Lucy Garner, Alice Barnes, Molly Weaver, Jessie Walker, Hayley Simmonds.