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17 September 2014
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David Attenborough with a morpho butterfly © BBC/Mark Carwardine
Life In The Undergrowth

Over five programmes David Attenborough discovers the amazing stories of the most successful creatures on earth: invertebrates.

1. Invasion Of The Land
David Attenborough tells the story of the land-living invertebrates. He delves into the private life of Europe's dramatic leopard slug, a common garden resident with a truly bizarre end to its marathon mating ritual; watches the courtship ballet of tiny springtails on the underside of a leaf; sees swarms of bright red South African millipedes find partners, and in the caves of Venezuela meets the giant bat-eating centipede.
2. Taking To The Air
As the early June sun begins to set over a calm river in Central Hungary, masses of ghostly shapes emerge from their larval cases to take to the air for the first time. They are mayflies and in a spectacular display, thousands of them demonstrate how the very first wings were used.

From the stunning aerobatics of hoverflies in an English garden to the mass migration of purple crow butterflies in the valleys of Taiwan, this episode tells the tale of the first animals ever to take to the air. Unique footage reveals the lightning fast reactions of bluebottles and hoverflies, filmed with one of the world's fastest cameras, and David Attenborough handles the world's largest (and perhaps most ferocious) insect - the Titan beetle.
The expert view - the cycling cicada
Living World - listen again to The Mayfly and the Chalkstream
The expert view - how do insects fly?
3. The Silk Spinners
Silk is the invertebrates' great invention, used in a range of ways from from the protective stalks of lacewing eggs to the amazing hanging threads of New Zealand's 'glow worms'. Spiders, though, have taken silk-spinning to extremes.

The common wolf spider has no web, but the female is a gentle parent, encasing her eggs in silk and carrying the precious bundle wherever she goes. The bolas spider uses a ball of sticky silk soaked in a copy of moth pheromone to lure its prey. Millions of communal spiders live and feed together in a vast, towering web - an arachnophobe's nightmare.
Wildfacts - wolf spider
Listen again to The Adventures of Spider man
4. Intimate Relations
The world of invertebrates exists in a web of relationships with plants and other animals. Unique footage of the world's smallest insect (a fairy wasp only quarter of a millimetre long) shows it flying underwater to find the eggs of water beetles in which to lay its own brood. Some ants 'farm' the trees that give them shelter, creating areas known as 'Devil's gardens'. To make sure these grow without competition, they kill off other seedlings in the surrounding vegetation.

The blister beetle's larvae huddle together on the end of a piece of grass and mimic a female bee. When a male bee tries to mate with the 'female', the larvae grab on to his belly. Confused, he flies away and searches for a real female. When he eventually finds her and mates with her, the beetle larvae hurriedly swap from his front on to her back, and hence get carried back to her nest where they eat her pollen supplies.
BBC News - the Amazonian ant that uses its own 'herbicide'
5. Supersocieties
Invertebrates don't always operate alone. True society was the last feature to evolve in invertebrates, as recently as the time of Tyrannosaurus. In the last programme see the tensions below the surface in some of the great social structures built by insects, and witness the carnage when an ant colony and a termite colony wage war.

Play the termite game

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 TV programmes

Life In The Undergrowth homepage

Life In The Undergrowth - top ten

 TV programmes

Programme 1
Invasion Of The Land

Programme 2
Taking To The Air

Programme 3
The Silk Spinners

Programme 4
Intimate Relations

Programme 5

 Elsewhere on

Fly on the Wall
A guide to the ten minute specials on filming the series.

Where does a fear of spiders come from?

A Year in the Life of Ants
Radio 4 follows the fascinating lives of two colonies of wood ants.

Life in a Ditch
Radio 4 brings you the story of the search for Britain's largest beetle.

The Bee Inspector
The story of bee inspector David Kemp.

The Expert View
The science behind the series.

 Elsewhere on the web

The Invertebrate Conservation Trust.

National Insect Week
Find out about insect groups and activities around the country.

Natural History Museum
An in depth look at the lives of insects and spiders.

Butterfly Conservation
How you can help the UK's native butterflies and moths.

Natural History Museum
Discover more about non-insect invertebrates from barnacles to tape worms.

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