Another Labour Victory
In 1966 Harold Wilson, mindful of an increase in opinion poll ratings and a low Commons majority, called a General Election. won a general election. The Tory vote dropped, the Liberals' increased and so did Wilson's Labour government. Labour also recorded a large increase in its percentage of the vote.
But the state of the economy would mean Wilson's job would not be any easier. The Chancellor James Callaghan announced a price freeze for twelve months and a pay and dividends freeze for six months.
In foreign affairs Rhodesia presented Wilson with his biggest headache. He persuaded Ian Smith to meet him on board H.M.S. Tiger and presented him with a five point plan. Ian Smith rejected the British proposals.
MAO TSE-TUNG (1893-1976)
Mao Tse Teung
- Born in Hunan Province, China
- Son of a peasant farmer.
- Led China into communism
- First Chairman of the People's Republic
- Educated at the University of Peking
- Influenced by Marx
- Founded the Chinese Communist Party in 1921
- Led his followers on the Long March out of Jiangxi in south-east China to Shaanxi in north-west China
- Elected Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party
- Proclaimed the People's Republic of China in Peking [Beijing] in 1949
- Resigned as Chairman of the Republic in 1959
- Remained Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party until his death in 1976
- Changed the whole way of life of the biggest nation on Earth
In 1966 Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister of India. She pledged she would "strive to create what my father used to call a climate of peace."
Wilson's Five Point Plan For Rhodesia
- First and foremost was the offer to Smith, that if the two men could reach the basis of an agreement and if Rhodesia would return in the interim to the 1961 constitutional position i.e. negotiations on independence, then Ian Smith would disembark from the Tiger, officially as Prime Minister designate.
- Second, the 1961 constitution would apply to the all the Rhodesian people.
- There should be a Royal Commission, which if everyone found agreeable, then the British Parliament would lift sanctions.
- Fourth Wilson wanted Smith to form what he called a broad based government.
- The fifth section concerned how to keep law and order during the interim period and would require the setting up of a Governor's Defence Council.
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|1961 ||South Africa leaves the Commonwealth|
|1962 ||The National Economic Development Council is formed|
|1963||The Profumo Affair |
Alex Douglas-Home becomes PM when the Tory leader, Macmillan retires through ill health.
|1964 ||Labour wins General Election. Harold Wilson becomes Prime Minister|
|1965 ||Winston Churchill dies|
Sir Alec Douglas-Home resigns leadership of Tory Party and is succeeded by
|1966 ||Barclay's Bank introduces the first British credit card|
|1967 ||The Pound is devalued|
Six Day Arab-Israeli War
|1968 ||The Commonwealth Immigration Act is passed|
|1969 ||Start of the present "Troubles" in Ulster|
Prince Charles becomes the Prince of Wales
|1970 ||Tories win General Election. Edward Heath PM|
|1971 ||Decimal Currency introduced|