Charles Darwin is an international celebrity, but Gregor Mendel holds the key to heredity.
Napoleonic France witnessed Dr Magendie's experiments on live animals.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss Gauss, one of the great mathematicians.
Professor Marcus du Sautoy argues that mathematics drives science.
Peter Evans pays tribute to Carl Linnaeus, the father of taxonomy, born 300 years ago.
Businessman and academic Adair Turner talks about the life of Charles Darwin.
Businessman and academic, Adair Turner looks at the life of Charles Darwin.
How a country doctor from Prussia traced the life cycle of an anthrax bacteria cell.
Melvyn visits Darwin's home at Down House in Kent.
Darwin's early life in Shropshire and his three years at Cambridge.
Thomas Dixon explores the origins of the idea of friendships between humans and animals.
Dr Craig Venter on his own experiences as a collector, medic and geneticist.
Geologists Roderick Murchison and Henry de la Beche clashed over the age of Devon's rocks.
Melvyn Bragg examines the Prussian naturalist and explorer, Alexander Von Humboldt.
Scientist Lord Robert May nominates the naturalist and botanist, Joseph Banks.
Marcus du Sautoy argues that mathematics is the driving force behind modern science.
Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier both claimed the discovery of oxygen.
Anna Pavord explores the life and legacy of the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus.
Jenny Agutter champions the life and work of pioneering Austrian physicist Lise Meitner.
Lise Meitner, the humanitarian physicist who unlocked the science of the atom bomb.
The French Revolution ushered in new ambition and a new scientific clinical approach.
How naturalist Joseph Hooker globally acquired species to build up the first maps of flora
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the scientist Michael Faraday.
Carl Linnaeus and a revolutionary grammar for plants.
How plants proved a new route to political power and the growth of Britain's Empire.
Simon Schaffer on botanist Carl Linnaeus who first classified humans among the apes
Heather Couper looks at the work of the planet hunter Johann Bode, tracking down asteroids
The man who predicted deforestation and harmful human-induced climate change 200 years ago
Sir Clive Sinclair discusses fellow inventor Thomas Edison with Matthew Parris.