Anne McElvoy traces how the threat of Free Trade stung a placid aristocrat into action.
In a Sheffield pub, Anne McElvoy learns how conservatism responded to urban mass democracy
Charles Darwin is an international celebrity, but Gregor Mendel holds the key to heredity.
Lucy Worsley explores Queen Victoria's reign through significant encounters. 1: 1837
Sir Gregory Winter, winner of the 2018 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
Donna Strickland, the first woman to win a Physics Nobel Prize in 55 years.
The 2019 Nobel Prize-winner Sir Peter Ratcliffe on living with low oxygen.
Jonathan Freedland compares Nigel Farage with the 18th-century politician John Wilkes.
A special edition of the programme to mark the bicentenary of Gladstone's birth.
Anne McElvoy revisits the innovative ideas of the Scottish philosopher Adam Smith.
Adrian Owen tells Jim Al-Khalili about his search for awareness in brain-injured patients.
Lisa Jardine describes how Britain's desire to build an empire promoted botany.
One of the UK's leading choreographers nominates the Indian mathematician Ramanujan.
Andrew Motion champions the life of Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Poet Laureate for over 40 years
Travel writer Redmond O'Hanlon champions the life of naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace.
George Beccaloni chooses naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace as his Natural History Hero.
Brian Cox and Robin Ince mark the 100th anniversary of the death of Alfred Russel Wallace.
Travel writer Redmond O'Hanlon proposes the pioneering naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace.
Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the work of the biologist Alfred Russel Wallace.
Helen Grady profiles the prize-winning scientist Professor Sir Andre Geim.
Andrew Parker's Natural History Hero is microscope pioneer Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
The row that exploded between Eddington and Chandrasekhar over the death of stars.
Michael Berkeley talks to physicist Athene Donald.
Laurence robes up like Lord Byron, in the costume of an Albanian nobleman.
Kenneth Clarke chooses the Victorian politician, Benjamin Disraeli.
Benjamin Disraeli, who turned his skills as a novelist to politics.
David Cannadine explores how Disraeli merged fact and fiction in his life and work.
Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the life and work of Benjamin Franklin.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss influential British philosopher Bertrand Russell.
Robin Ince listens back to some of the BBC archive of philosopher Bertrand Russell.