Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the medieval Islamic thinker Al-Ghazali.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the scientific study of life, originated by Aristotle.
Adrian Moore explores the idea of infinity through history
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss St Augustine's account of his conversion to Christianity
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the 12th century Islamic philosopher, Averroes.
Melvyn Bragg discusses the Persian Islamic philosopher Avicenna.
The Russian-born writer whose influence is most evident in her adopted home of the USA.
Neuropsychologist Paul Broks looks at the idea of leading a good life by being selfish.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Jacobean thinker Francis Bacon and Baconian Science.
The philosopher heads back to her Winchester birthplace, home to her single mother of five
Baroness Mary Warnock curates the festival of her wildest dreams.
Nobel Prize-winning chemist Sir Harry Kroto chooses the philosopher Benedict Spinoza.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss Henri Bergson's ideas about our experience of time passing
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss influential British philosopher Bertrand Russell.
Robin Ince listens back to some of the BBC archive of philosopher Bertrand Russell.
Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the 18th-century philosopher George Berkeley.
Neil Macgregor tells the story of a Chinese bronze bell from the age of Confucius
Spence reflects on China's most enduring thinker, Confucius.
Melvyn Bragg and guests examine the chinese philosophy of Confucianism.
The smiling philosopher who is perhaps the most famous Chinese person in history.
Bertrand Russell considers the roles of state control in a progressive society.
Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the work of the Scottish philosopher David Hume.
Allan Little profiles the philosopher David Hume, born in 1711.
Philip Ball goes back to the 17th century to tell the story of Descartes' 'daughter'.
Dr Geoff Bunn on Descartes' contribution to our understanding of the brain
Nigel Warburton explores the life and work of Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard.
James Naughtie profiles the haunting artist of suffering, pain and death.
Cartoonist Ralph Steadman and translator Adam Czerniawski discuss the philosopher's life.
Tom Service finds out about the music composed by philosopher Friedrich Nietszche.
Anne Karpf on psychoanalyst Donald Winnicott, among the first to broadcast to new mothers.