Why was the bust of a blind, vegetarian, medieval poet the casualty of Syria's modern war?
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss influential British philosopher Bertrand Russell.
Robin Ince listens back to some of the BBC archive of philosopher Bertrand Russell.
Alan Dein explores Karl Marx's journey from corpse to bronze monolith.
How does modern-day America compare with the fall of Rome as described by Gibbon?
Exploring the Victorian borderland between Platonic friendship and homosexual love.
Bertrand Russell considers the roles of state control in a progressive society.
Daniel Dennett talks to Jim Al-Khalili about the evolution of the human brain.
James Naughtie profiles the molecular biologist who helped discover the structure of DNA.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss Frederick II, king of Prussia from 1740 to 1786.
Cartoonist Ralph Steadman and translator Adam Czerniawski discuss the philosopher's life.
Tom Service finds out about the music composed by philosopher Friedrich Nietszche.
Bertrand Russell argues for personal morality over tribal customs to guide conduct.
The life and ideas of Karl Marx who changed the world with his Communist Manifesto.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss Nietzsche's On The Genealogy of Morality.
Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the Roman letter-writer Pliny the Younger.
The life and times of Christopher Hitchens told through archive and interview.
Maria Margaronis explores the life and legacy of right-wing thinker Savitri Devi.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the pessimistic philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer.
Bertrand Russell examines the effects of increasing state control.
In the inaugural Reith lecture, Bertrand Russell examines the impulses in human nature.
Josie Long presents radio adventures inspired by Kurt Vonnegut.
The actor and writer opens up about love, self-loathing and contemplating suicide.
Stephen Fry talks to presenter Michael Rosen about their mutual obsession with language.
Simon Mayo talks to Stephen Fry about the BAFTA Film Awards.
Bertrand Russell considers the role of human nature in the development of society.
Bertrand Russell argues for the importance of individual initiative in a community.
Writer and political activist George Monbiot chooses 18th-century revolutionary Tom Paine.