Sue Perkins and Tom Service explore Beethoven's colossal symphonic legacy.
Anne McElvoy revisits the innovative ideas of the Scottish philosopher Adam Smith.
Lisa Jardine describes how Britain's desire to build an empire promoted botany.
Andrew Parker's Natural History Hero is microscope pioneer Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Jacobean thinker Francis Bacon and Baconian Science.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the life and influence of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
An exploration of Beethoven's first and last sonatas for cello and piano.
Stephen Johnson and the BBCSO with Grant Llewellyn explore Beethoven's Fifth Symphony.
Stephen Johnson explores Beethoven's String Quartet in A minor, Op 132.
Stephen Johnson explores Beethoven's Third Symphony in E flat, the Eroica.
Nobel Prize-winning chemist Sir Harry Kroto chooses the philosopher Benedict Spinoza.
Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the life and work of Benjamin Franklin.
Sarah Dunant looks through history to understand apparently irrational behaviour.
Philip Ball goes back to the 17th century to tell the story of Descartes' 'daughter'.
Dr Geoff Bunn on Descartes' contribution to our understanding of the brain
Is a free market the best foundation for a fair, dynamic society?
Allan Little discusses the Enlightenment's relevance for countries outside the west.
How the invention of writing made the scientific revolution of the Enlightenment possible.
James Naughtie profiles the haunting artist of suffering, pain and death.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss Frederick II, king of Prussia from 1740 to 1786.
Michael Goldfarb tells the story of Dutch philosopher Benedict Spinoza.
Edward Said considers how far an intellectual should participate in the public sphere.
Melvyn Bragg assesses the scientific legacy of the 18th century German poet Goethe.
Stephen Johnson unpicks Haydn's Symphonies Nos 22 and 92.
Charles Hazlewood explores Haydn's Symphony No. 100 'The Military'.
Historian Justin Champion on 17th-century polymath Francis Bacon.
Nikolaus Pevsner considers the 'Englishness' of the artist William Hogarth.
Edward Said explores the role of intellectuals from different cultures and backgrounds.
The great clash that occurred between Newton and Leibniz over the discovery of calculus.
Damian Barr talks to the legendary Portuguese pianist Maria João Pires.