Royal Physician William Harvey demonstrates that blood circulates around the body.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Jacobean thinker Francis Bacon and Baconian Science.
Nobel Prize-winning chemist Sir Harry Kroto chooses the philosopher Benedict Spinoza.
Philip Ball goes back to the 17th century to tell the story of Descartes' 'daughter'.
Dr Geoff Bunn on Descartes' contribution to our understanding of the brain
James Naughtie profiles the haunting artist of suffering, pain and death.
Bobby Friction champions the Italian physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei.
Heather Couper on Galileo's idea to systematically record his telescope observations.
Galileo's lost letter questions how he challenged the Church. With Philip Ball.
Michael Goldfarb tells the story of Dutch philosopher Benedict Spinoza.
Historian Justin Champion on 17th-century polymath Francis Bacon.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the great 17th century philosopher Thomas Hobbes.
Philip Ball examines the occult influences on Isaac Newton's work on invisible forces.
The great clash that occurred between Newton and Leibniz over the discovery of calculus.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss astronomer Johannes Kepler.
Philip Ball's tale is of Kepler's Snowflakes, a New Year's gift and of crystallography.
Malmesbury in Wiltshire aims to establish itself as the country's 'Philosophy Town'.
Melvyn Bragg examines both the literary and political careers of the poet John Milton.
Isaac Newton's mathematical brilliance put the laws of physics on a firm foundation.
Marcus du Sautoy argues that mathematics is the driving force behind modern science.
Philosopher Barry Smith explores ideas about consciousness.
Melvyn Bragg discusses the Dutch, Jewish and Christian Philosopher, Baruch Spinoza.
How Newton tested the lines between government-funded research and public access.
Steven Pinker joins Matthew Parris to discuss the life of the philosopher Thomas Hobbes.
Criminologist David Wilson looks at Thomas Hobbes and his 'social contract' theory.
What made Newton tick?
What really happened to Galileo?