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Examples by Piet Mondrian, Alphonse Mucha and Winslow Homer illustrate the concepts of hue, intensity and colour temperature.

Understanding how colours work is an important skill within Art and Design. Colours have different hues, intensity and temperatures which are explored in this video.

The colour wheel is used to explain primary, secondary and tertiary colours. It also shows how analogous and complimentary colours interact with each other.

Mixing two pure colours results in muted colours that blend together. The value of colour is shown by creating a tint (mixing with white), shade (mixing with black) and tone (mixing with grey) of a pure red.

Three examples of artists’ work show effective use of colour:

Piet Mondrian’s ‘Composition II’ is an example of an artist using primary colours, white and black to create a bold and modern-looking work.

Winslow Homer’s ‘Fishing Boats, Key West’ shows the use of shades and tints to create variety in a work mainly comprised of blues and whites.

Alphonse Mucha’s ‘Bagnolet Soap’ poster design uses analogous reds and oranges to create a muted, harmonious design that was used to sell soap.

Keywords: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Analogous, Complementary, Tint, Shade, Tone, Monochromatic

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