Trial by ordeal
The Anglo-Saxons used trial by ordeal to determine proof through the Judgement of God, the Judicium Dei. The two main types of ordeal are explored, trial by hot iron and trial by water. Harry Potter then discusses with legal historian John Hudson why people were chosen to be subjected to this ordeal. The introduction of trial by combat by the Normans is explored with re-enactor Jesper Lorenzen who explains the purpose of the combat in civil and criminal cases concluding with an account of a trial by combat involving Thomas of Eldersfield.