From Haydn's shadow
Cellist Raphael Wallfisch and violinist Sara Bitlloch join Donald Macleod to talk about Beethoven's early chamber music from 1795 to 1811.
This week cellist Raphael Wallfisch and violinist Sara Bitlloch join Donald Macleod to talk about Beethoven’s early chamber music from 1795 to 1811, including beloved works such as the ‘Razumovsky’ quartets, the ‘Kreutzer’ violin sonata, and the ‘Ghost’ and ‘Archduke’ piano trios.
Today they look at Beethoven’s emergence from the shadow of both Haydn and Mozart, and how the composer forged a distinctive new style of chamber music.
At the age of 16 Beethoven travelled from his native city of Bonn to Vienna to have lessons with Mozart. It didn’t happen because Beethoven’s mother became ill and he had to return home. He later did have lessons with Haydn, but subsequently said that he’d never learned anything from him!
Beethoven was a virtuoso pianist and, though he loathed performing in public, in the early years of his career in Vienna he relied on his instrumental skill to establish himself as a composer. His early compositions are dominated by piano music; his first big orchestral works are piano concertos not symphonies; and nearly all his early chamber music involves the piano.
String Trio No 3 in G major: Op 9, No 1 (3rd movement - excerpt; 4th movement)
Itzhak Perlman, violin
Pinchas Zukerman, viola
Lynn Harrell, cello
Cello Sonata in F major Op 5 No 1 (Allegro)
Gregor Piatigorsky, cello
Piano Trio in C minor Op 1 No 3 (4th movement)
Beaux Arts Trio
String quartet in F major Op 18 No 1 (2nd movement)
Violin Sonata in D major Op 12 No 1 (1st movement)
Alina Ibragimova, violin
Cédric Tiberghien, piano
Produced by Iain Chambers for BBC Wales
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