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Billie Jean King

Kirsty Young talks to Billie Jean King, former champion tennis player and campaigner.

Billie Jean King won 39 Grand Slams and a total of 20 Wimbledon titles and is regarded as one of the greatest tennis players of all time.

Born in California in 1943, she was the eldest daughter of Bill and Betty Moffitt. She discovered tennis at the age of ten: at 15 she won in her age bracket at the Southern California championships, and in 1961, she won the women's doubles at Wimbledon with Karen Hantze, the youngest pair to achieve such a victory.

In 1968, when professional competitors were admitted to Grand Slam tournaments, she won Wimbledon for the third time and was paid just £750 while Rod Laver, the Men's champion, took home £2,000. So began her campaign for gender equality, which involved boycotting tournaments and setting up their own professional women's circuit. In 1973, then aged 29, she beat the 55-year-old former tennis champion Bobby Riggs in a match which became known as 'The Battle of the Sexes': it remains the most-watched tennis match ever. That year the US Open awarded the same financial reward to men and women and in 2007 Wimbledon followed suit. Billie Jean also founded the Women's Tennis Association and the Women's Sports Foundation in the 1970s.

She married her husband, Larry, in 1965 but by the late 1960s, she had realised that she was gay. She was outed by a former lover who sued her for palimony in 1981, and although she won the case, she lost almost all her commercial endorsements. She has been with her partner, Ilana Kloss, for nearly 40 years and retired from singles matches in 1983 and doubles in 1990. She was awarded the Medal of Freedom by President Obama in 2009 and has continued to be an ambassador for her sport and for gender equality.

Presenter: Kirsty Young
Producer: Cathy Drysdale.

Available now

45 minutes

Last on

Fri 20 Jul 2018 09:00

Music Played

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  • Aretha Franklin

    Respect

    • I Never Loved A Man The Way I Love You.
    • Warner Music UK Limited.
    • 1.
  • Diana Ross

    Ain't No Mountain High Enough

    • Diana Ross: Anthology.
    • Universal-Island Records Limited.
    • 2.
  • Nona Hendryx

    Winds Of Change (Mandela To Mandela)

    • Female Trouble.
    • Zomba Records Limited.
    • 7.
  • Gustav Holst

    World In Union

    Performer: Katherine Jenkins. Lyricist: Charlie Skarbek. Choir: Crouch End Festival Chorus. Conductor: David Temple. Conductor: Nicholas Dodd.
    • Home Sweet Home.
    • Decca.
    • 6.
  • Sara Bareilles

    If I Dare (from Battle of the Sexes)

    • Battle of the Sexes (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack).
    • Sony Classical.
    • 26.
  • Dusty Springfield

    You Don't Have To Say You Love Me

    • You Don't Have To Say You Love Me.
    • Mercury Records Limited.
    • 1.
  • CASTAWAY'S FAVOURITE

    • Elton John Band

      Philadelphia Freedom

      • To Be Continued....
      • Mercury Records Limited.
      • 1.
  • The Beatles

    Hey Jude

    • 1.
    • EMI Records Limited.
    • 21.
  • LUXURY ITEM

    Scrapbook of photos of her family

  • BOOK CHOICE

    Oh, the Places You'll Go! by Dr. Seuss

Credits

Role Contributor
Presenter Kirsty Young
Interviewed Guest Billie Jean King
Producer Cathy Drysdale

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