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Monday - Rob Cowan with Jocelyn Bell Burnell

With Rob Cowan. Including Musical challenge; Music in Time: Arvo Part; Artist of the Week: Arturo Toscanini, featured conducting the Philadelphia Orchestra in Debussy's Iberia.

Rob sets the tone and mood of the day's programme with a range of music to intrigue, surprise and entertain.

Take part in today's musical challenge: can you name the television show or film that featured this piece of classical music?

Rob's guest this week is the astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell. Whilst still completing her PhD at Cambridge University Jocelyn made what is considered one of the greatest astronomical discoveries of the twentieth century. She discovered Pulsars, small stars near the end of their life-cycle which emit radio signals, pulses. Uncovering Pulsars has unlocked many doors in the field of astrophysics, validating and enabling many other notable scientists. Jocelyn has since become a role model for young students and female scientists throughout the world, and when she became professor she doubled the number of female Physics professors in the UK. As well as discussing her life and work, Jocelyn has chosen a selection of her favourite classical music and across the week we'll hear works by composers including Villa-Lobos, Rachmaninov, Haydn, and Richard Strauss.

Music in Time: Modern
Today Rob's in the Modern period exploring a musical style created by the Estonian composer Arvo Pärt: Tintinnabuli. It literally means 'the bells', but refers to the notes of the triad, which form the backbone of Pärt's minimalist compositions.

Rob's Artist of the Week is the Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini. Considered one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century, he was admired for his faithfulness to the score as well as for the incendiary thrust he brought to his interpretations. His career began sooner than perhaps he might have expected. Whilst on tour in South America as an Assistant Chorus Master he was called upon to conduct Verdi's Aida after three other conductors were either booed-off by the audience or rejected by the cast; Toscanini was only 19, but he conducted the whole opera from memory. He went on to be a leading opera conductor, entrusted with the world premieres of Puccini's La Bohème and Leoncavallo's Pagliacci, and he was Principal Conductor at La Scala, Milan, twice during his career. He spent much of his working life in America, leading the Metropolitan Opera, the NBC Symphony Orchestra - an orchestra created for him - and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. He was also the first non-German conductor to appear at Bayreuth. This week Rob's chosen his interpretations of Elgar's Enigma Variations, Beethoven's 7th Symphony, Debussy's Iberia, part of Wagner's Götterdämmerung and Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No.1 with Vladimir Horowitz.

Philadelphia Orchestra
Arturo Toscanini (conductor).

3 hours

Music Played

  • John Philip Sousa

    El Capitan - march

    Music Arranger: Arturo Toscanini. Orchestra: NBC Symphony Orchestra. Conductor: Arturo Toscanini.
    • RCA Victor.
  • Claude Debussy

    Images Book 2: 1. Cloches a travers les feuilles

    Performer: Zoltán Kocsis.
    • PHILIPS.
  • Vincenzo Galilei

    Contrapunto secondo di B.M.

    Performer: David Miller. Performer: Lynda Sayce. Performer: Erin Headley.
    • DECCA.
  • Vincenzo Galilei

    Dura mia pietra viva

    Ensemble: Ensemble Daedalus. Director: Roberto Festa.
    • ACCENT.
  • Rob's Featured Work

    • Igor Stravinsky

      Dumbarton Oaks

      Orchestra: The Knights.
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold

    Robin Hood and his Merry Men - march (The Adventures of Robin Hood)

    Orchestra: BBC Philharmonic. Conductor: Rumon Gamba.
    • CHANDOS.
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold

    Love Scene (The Adventures of Robin Hood)

    Orchestra: BBC Philharmonic. Conductor: Rumon Gamba.
    • CHANDOS.
  • Jean‐Féry Rebel

    Les Caracteres de la Danse

    Ensemble: Ensemble Meridiana.
    • CHANDOS.
  • Felix Mendelssohn

    3 Fantasies, Op.16: II. Scherzo

    Performer: Lydia Artymiw.
    • CHANDOS.
  • Harold Arlen

    Over the Rainbow

    Performer: Art Tatum. Music Arranger: Art Tatum.
    • PABLO.
  • Jocelyn Bell Burnell's First Choice

    • Joseph Haydn

      The Creation: Einleitung, 'Die Vorstellung des Chaos'

      Orchestra: Orchestre des Champs‐Élysées. Conductor: Philippe Herreweghe.
      • PHI.
  • Jocelyn Bell Burnell's Second Choice

    • Richard Strauss

      Also sprach Zarathustra

      Orchestra: Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Conductor: Fritz Reiner.
      • RCA.
  • Music in Time: Modern

    • Arvo Pärt

      Tabula Rasa

      Performer: Gidon Kremer. Performer: Tatiana Grindenko. Performer: Alfred Schnittke. Orchestra: Lietuvos kamerinis orkestras. Conductor: Saulius Sondeckis.
      • ECM.
  • Artist of the Week: Arturo Toscanini

    • Claude Debussy


      Orchestra: The Philadelphia Orchestra. Conductor: Arturo Toscanini.
      • RCA.
  • Sergei Prokofiev

    Overture on Hebrew Themes

    Performer: Annelien Van Wauwe. Performer: Shirly Laub. Performer: Samuel Nemtanu. Performer: Mark Sabbah. Performer: Bruno Philippe. Performer: Lucas Blondeel.
    • Genuin.
  • William Herschel

    Sonata in D, Op.4`4

    Performer: Florian Deuter. Performer: Mark Caudle. Performer: Timothy Roberts.
  • Henry Purcell

    O solitude, my sweetest choice

    Singer: Andreas Scholl. Orchestra: Accademia Bizantina. Conductor: Stefano Montanari.
    • Henry Purcell, O Solitude: Andreas Scholl/Accademia Bizantina.
    • Decca.
    • 15.
  • Émile Waldteufel

    Skaters Waltz

    Orchestra: NBC Symphony Orchestra. Conductor: Arturo Toscanini.
    • RCA.

Musical Challenge: Heard on Screen

The piece played was Mendelssohn's Scherzo Op.16 No.2 from his Three Fantasies. This piece was featured during Toto's escape from the witch in the 1939 technicolor classic, 'The Wizard of Oz'.


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