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Northern Lights: The North Pole

Olivia Williams and Charles Edwards go on a literary journey to the North Pole through texts by A A Milne, Jules Verne and Pindar, and including music by Rautavaara, Nystroem and Tanya Tagaq.

1 hour, 15 minutes

Last on

New Year's Day 2018 17:00

Music Played

Timings (where shown) are from the start of the programme in hours and minutes

  • 00:00

    Tanya Tagaq

    Howl (Animism)

    Performer: Tanya Tagaq (Canadian Inuk singer).
    • Six Shooter Records.
    • 7.
  • Valerie Worth

    Magnet, read by Charles Edwards

  • William Ellery Leonard

    Ultima Thule (For Commander Peary), read by Olivia Williams

  • 00:04

    ISUNGSET

    Ice Memories

    Performer: Terje Isungset & The Nature (ice-pure frozen water instruments).
    • ALL ICE NORWAY 2010.
    • 11.
  • Robert Peary

    The North Pole (extract from Chapter 1), read by Charles Edwards

  • 00:07

    LARS-ERIK LARSSON, arr. JERKER JOHANSSON

    Epilog

    Performer: Goran Marcusson (flute), Camerata Roman.
    • INTIM IMCD023.
    • 11.
  • Arthur Davison Ficke

    , 12 (Epitaph for the Poet 5: [A Hymn to Intellectual Beauty])read by Olivia Williams

  • 00:11

    LAURIDSEN

    O Nata Lux (Lux Aeterna)

    Performer: Nordic chamber Choir, Nicol Matt (conductor).
    • BAYER RECORDS 100 305 CD.
    • 8.
  • 00:16

    TVEITT

    Fanfara funebra. Andante, deciso (Sinfonietta di soffiatori)

    Performer: Royal Northern College of Music Wind Orchestra, Clark Rundell (conductor).
    • CHANDOS CHAN10038.
    • 11.
  • Jules Verne

    The Purchase of the North Pole (extract), read by Charles Edwards

  • 00:21

    RAUTAVAARA

    Dances with the Winds

    Performer: Petri Alanko (flutes), Lahti Symphony Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä (conductor).
    • BIS CD 687.
    • 4.
  • Shuzo Takiguchi, translated by Yuki Tanaka and Mary Jo Bang

    Rene Magritte, read by Olivia Williams

  • Mary Shelley

    Frankenstein (extract from Letter 1, Ste. Petersburgh, Dec.11th 17-), read by Charles Edwards

  • 00:27

    John Luther Adams

    Where the Waves Splash, Hitting Again and Again

    Performer: John Luther Adams and Musicians.
    • NEW WORLD 804592.
    • 10.
  • Maxine W. Kumin

    Sonnets Uncorseted, read by Olivia Williams

  • 00:29

    Derek Charke

    Inuit Throat Song (22 Inuit Throat Song Games)

    Performer: Kronos Quartet.
    • Centrediscs CMCCD 21015.
    • 2.
  • 00:29

    NYSTROEM

    Adagio (Ishavet (La mer arctique))

    Performer: Malmo Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Jarvi (conductor).
    • BIS CD 682.
    • 1.
  • Pliny the Elder, translated by John Healey

    Natural History 4.88, read by Charles Edwards

  • Pindar

    Pythian 10, read by Olivia Williams

  • A. A. Milne

    Robin Leads an Expotition to the North Pole (extract), read by Olivia Williams

  • 00:42

    Arto Järvelä

    Kayden

    Performer: JPP.
    • OArtCD4.
    • 8.
  • 00:46

    Chris Watson

    Vatnajökull (Weather Report) (extract)

    Performer: The 10,000 year climatic journey of ice formed deep within this Icelandic glacier and its lingering flow into the Norwegian Sea.
    • TOUCH TO47.
    • 3.
  • Ranulph Fiennes

    Cold, read by Charles Edwards

  • 00:47

    ISUNGSET

    Ice Talks

    Performer: Terje Isungset (ice-pure frozen water instruments).
    • ALL ICE NORWAY2010.
    • 7.
  • 00:51

    NYSTROEM

    White Land

    Performer: Miah Persson (soprano), Roger Vignoles (piano).
    • HYPERION CDA67329.
    • 20.
  • Randall Jarrell

    90 North, read by Olivia Williams

  • 00:55

    SORENSEN

    Whispering (2014)

    Performer: Michala Petri (recorder), Lapland Chamber Orchestra.
    • OUR Recordings 6.220613.
    • 1.
  • Henry Corbin

    The Man of Light in Iranian Sufism (extract), read by Charles Edwards

  • Mythology (Berber / Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia) in Harold Scheub

    Irgam Yigfagna (al-Jabal al-Lamma), the Gleaming Mountain, read by Olivia Williams

  • 01:05

    JOHN OLE MORKEN, OLAV MJELVA & ANNLAUG BORSHEIM

    Fjellvåk (Mountain Bird)

    Performer: The Nordic Fiddlers Bloc.
    • ETNISK MUSIKKLUBB EM98.
    • 9.
  • 01:08

    Chris Watson

    Vatnajökull (Weather Report) (extract)

    Performer: The 10,000 year climatic journjey of ice formed deep within this Icelandic glacier and its lingering flow into the Norwegian Sea.
    • TOUCH TO47.
    • 3.
  • Alec Wilkinson

    The Ice Balloon (extract), read by Charles Edwards

  • 01:10

    TRADITIONAL YOIK

    Kemi lea Kemi

    Performer: Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Johan Anders Baer, Seppo Paakkunainen, Esa Kotilainen.
    • DATCD 17.
    • 2.
  • John Davies of Hereford

    To the Right Honorable Earle of Cumberland, read by Olivia Williams

Producer's Note - The North Pole

As part of Northern Lights on Radio 3, this edition of Words and Music looks at the most northerly point of our planet: the North Pole, in both its geographical and magnetic sense.  It’s a place that has captured the imagination of explorers from Robert Peary, the American citizen who became the first man to ‘claim the Arctic gold’, to Ranulph Fiennes and the Norwegian Salomon August Andrée, who ambitiously set out from Spitsbergen to reach the North Pole by hot air balloon with tragic consequences.  All these explorers play a part in this programme, together with Frankenstein travelling north of St Petersburg to icy climes and Winnie the Pooh on his ‘expotition’ to the North Pole.

The North Pole is located on an ice sheet afloat the Arctic Ocean, but no longer seems as unobtainable in our globalized world.  It is now possible to engage in Arctic tourism and the North Pole has even hosted an international golf tournament.  Jules Verne foreshadows man’s desire to own a piece of the North Pole in his fictional auction of the ‘land’. 

Whilst the reality of the North Pole is one the most inhospitable places on Earth, with its harsh climate and utterly barren landscape of ice, the idea of travelling as far north as possible has lent itself to a romantic vision since the 1st century AD.  The early histories of Herodotus, Hesiod, Homer, and Pliny the Elder claimed that the Hyperboreans were a joyful people who lived beyond the North Wind.  Pindar too wrote about the fabulous gatherings of the Hyperboreans and their carefree lives filled with wonderful frolics and bounteous feasts.   

A spiritual romanticism about the Northern Lights also characterizes the far North in Sufi mysticism.  The dawning of light in the cosmic North, and of the Midnight Sun in particular, represents the impartial but brilliant light of Truth.  Berber mythology also depicts the North Pole as the perilous gleaming mountain, al-Jabal al-Lamma, which looms on the furthest point of the earth, lying in a mist-shrouded land of ice and circled by flocks of white birds.

There is neither a distinct music culture in the North Pole nor much music specifically about it.  This edition of Words and Music does, however, use music entirely from the Northern Lights countries, and particularly music that captures the frozen landscape, the misty halo of freezing air that hovers above the ice on the wide almost-circular horizons, the biting winds and the frenzied arctic seascapes.  Above all, it sounds cold! 

The musicians closest to the North Pole are Inuit and the programme begins with the Canadian Inuk singer, Tanya Tagaq, singing her hauntingly beautiful and chilly-sounding song, Howl.  The Kronos Quartet also plays a wild Inuit Throat Song to accompany the mythical Hyperboreans dancing and reveling beyond the North Wind.  Another musical tradition from the far north comes from Norwegian Yoiking and the programme ends with Nils-Aslak Valkeapaa performing a traditional yoik, Kemi lea Kemi.

Much of the classical music, from Lars-Erik Larsson to Sorensen, and Tveitt to Rautavaara, uses wind music – particularly for flute or recorder – that captures the sense of the howling arctic wind.  At the centre of the programme, Nystroem’s Ishavet refers directly to the ferocious Arctic Ocean.

I have also used music made from recordings of landscapes beyond the Arctic Circle.  Terje Isungset makes music out of his own ice percussion and has recorded in igloos in the far north of Sweden and Norway.  Two of his compositions take part in this programme: Ice Talks and Ice Memories.  John Luther Adams is also preoccupied with the arctic landscapes of the far northern part of Canada, and his piece, Where the Waves Splash, Hitting Again and Again, follows Frankinstein in his journey northwards.  Chris Watson’s Weather Report is made from recordings at Vatnajökull, the Vatna Glacier of Iceland, which depicts the 10.000 year climatic journey of ice formed deep within this Icelandic glacier and its lingering flow into the Norwegian Sea.

 

Elizabeth Arno (producer)

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