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Dylan Thomas Out Loud

As part of Radio 3's celebration of Dylan Thomas's centenary, a special edition featuring his poetry and prose read by Catrin Stewart and Trystan Gravelle.

A special edition of Words and Music as part of Radio 3's Dylan Thomas centenary celebrations.

Often set against the background of his beloved South Wales, Thomas explored the big themes: childhood, religion, love and death. The programme includes many well-loved poems and stories, including: 'After the Funeral', 'Do Not Go Gentle', 'The ForceThat Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower', 'Under Milk Wood', 'A Visit to Grandpa's' and 'A Story'. Thomas himself features, in a powerful archive recording of 'Lament'.

An evocative folk song arrangement from the Cory Band, a hymn from the Tywi Male Choir, and a stirring rendition of Land of My Fathers from Bryn Terfel further emphasise Thomas's roots. But although his Welsh identity is so fundamental, Thomas's work has universal resonance. Thus Thomas also rubs shoulders with the likes of Schubert, Debussy, Rachmaninov, Stravinsky, Ligeti, Steve Reich and Johnny Cash.

The newly commissioned readings are given by two of Britain's most exciting young actors, Catrin Stewart and Trystan Gravelle - both, like Thomas himself, from South Wales. Together they bring to life the texts in idiomatic and vibrant performances, showing Thomas to be a poet in the true bardic tradition, the full impact of whose work is best appreciated read out loud.

David Papp (producer).

1 hour, 15 minutes

Music Played

Timings (where shown) are from the start of the programme in hours and minutes

  • 00:00

    Steve Reich

    Music for Mallet Instruments, Voices and Organ [excerpt]

    Performer: Steve Reich and Musicians.
    • Nonesuch 7559 79220 2.
    • Tr 5.
  • Dylan Thomas

    Preface to The Poems of Dylan Thomas (“Notes on the Art of Poetry”) [excerpt], read by Trystan Gravelle

  • Dylan Thomas

    In my craft or sullen art, read by Trystan Gravelle

  • Dylan Thomas

    Under Milk Wood [beginning], read by Catrin Stewart

  • 00:02

    Arnold Schoenberg

    Verklärte Nacht   [opening] 

    Performer: Janine Jansen & Boris Brovtsyn (violins), Amihai Grosz (viola), Torleif Thedeen & Jens Peter Maintz (cellos).
    • Decca 478 3551.
    • tr 1.
  • 00:04

    George Crumb

    Black Angels

    Ensemble: Kronos Quartet.
    • Nonesuch 7559 79242.
    • Tr 1.
  • 00:07

    Franz Schubert

    String Quintet in C major (D.956): 2nd movement, Adagio  

    Performer: Janine Jansen & Boris Brovtsyn (violins), Amihai Grosz (viola), Torleif Thedeen & Jens Peter Maintz (cellos).
    • Decca 478 3551.
    • tr. 7.
  • Dylan Thomas

    I dreamed my genesis in sweat of sleep, read by Trystan Gravelle

  • Dylan Thomas

    A Prospect of the Sea [beginning], read by Trystan Gravelle

  • 00:16

    Claude Debussy

    Petite suite: En bateau

    Performer: Marielle and Katia Labeque (piano).
    • Philips 454 471 2.
    • Tr 4.
  • Dylan Thomas

    Fern Hill, read by Catrin Stewart

  • 00:21

    Ralph Vaughan Williams

    The Lark Ascending

    Performer: Hilary Hahn (violin), London Symphony Orchestra, Colin Davis (conductor).
    • Deutsche Grammophon 430 2602.
    • Tr 4.
  • Dylan Thomas

    The Peaches [extract], read by Catrin Stewart

  • 00:28

    May Hannah Brahe

    Thanks be to God

    Performer: Vale of Tywi Male Choir, Raymond Richards (piano), Beti Lewis Fisher (conductor).
    • Sain SCD 7054.
    • Tr 7.
  • Dylan Thomas

    Lament, read by Dylan Thomas (archive recording)

  • 00:34

    György Ligeti

    Six Bagatelles: Nos. 1, 4, 6, 3

    Ensemble: The Galliard Ensemble.
    • Deux-Elles.
    • DXL 1026.
    • 8 - 13.
  • Dylan Thomas

    A Visit to Grandpa’'s [ending], read by Catrin Stewart

  • Dylan Thomas

    After the funeral (in memory of Ann Jones), read by Trystan Gravelle

  • 00:45

    Igor Stravinsky

    Symphony of Psalms: Expectans exspectavi Dominim

    Performer: Monteverdi Choir, London Symphony Orchestra, John Eliot Gardiner (conductor).
    • Deutsche Grammophon 463 7892.
    • Tr 6.
  • Dylan Thomas

    Do not go gentle into that good night, read by Catrin Stewart

  • 00:51

    Trad.

    Ain’t no Grave

    Performer: Johnny Cash.
    • American Recordings 0602527331492.
    • Tr 1.
  • Dylan Thomas

    This side of the truth (for Llewellyn), read by Trystan Gravelle

  • 00:55

    Rachmaninov

    Prelude in D major, Op. 23 No. 4

    Performer: Simon Trpceski (piano).
    • EMI 5 57943 2.
    • Tr 11.
  • Dylan Thomas

    The force that through the green fuse drives the flower, read by Trystan Gravelle

  • Dylan Thomas

    A Story [ending], read by Catrin Stewart

  • 01:03

    Sparke

    A Celtic Suite: Suo Gân

    Performer: Christie-Tyler Cory Band, Brian Howard (director).
    • Polyphonic QRPL 044D.
    • Tr 9.
  • Dylan Thomas

    Reminiscences of Childhood [excerpt], read by Trystan Gravelle and Catrin Stewart

  • 01:11

    Evan and James James (arr. Chris Hazel)

    Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau

    Performer: Bryn Terfel (bass baritone), Black Mountain Chorus, Risca Male Voice Choir, Orchestra of Welsh National Opera, Gareth Jones (conductor).
    • Deutsche Grammophon 463 593 2.
    • Tr 21.

Producer's Note

‘I could never have dreamt that there were such goings on between the covers of books… such staggering peace, such enormous laughter, such and so many blinding bright lights…words, words, words, and each of which was alive forever in its own delight and glory and oddity and light.’  Indeed! Dylan Thomas on the power of words is the starting point of this special all-Thomas edition of Words and Music. The ‘goings on’, both poetry and prose, span Thomas’s career and are brought to life by Trystan Gravelle and Catrin Stewart.

 

Different sorts of darkness envelop ‘In my craft or sullen art’, the famous opening of ‘Under Milk Wood’, and ‘I dreamed my genesis in sweat of sleep’. But an idealised sun then shines brightly on Thomas’s childhood, in particular the fondly remembered summer holidays at his aunt Ann Jones’s farm Fernhill.

 

With its blue sky, swaying golden corn, wet smell of rabbits and cattle after rain, the beginning of the short story ‘A Prospect of the Sea’ sets the scene of those eternal boyhood summers, continued in the evocative ‘Fern Hill’ where Thomas is ‘green and carefree’.

 

In ‘The Peaches’, young Dylan is still at Fernhill, now listening to his cousin Gwylim practising preaching from the pulpit in his ‘chapel’, a dusty wagon in a barn. ‘Thou canst see us in the gravy blackness… Thou canst see everything we do, in the night and day… Thou canst see all the time. O God, mun, you’re like a bloody cat.’ The voice of Thomas himself is next. In a richly comic reading, recorded in 1950s New York, ‘Lament’ is another satirical swipe at Welsh Nonconformity.

 

‘A Visit to Grandpa’s’ is at once funny and touching. Dylan enlists the neighbours in a frantic search for his Grandpa who, while wearing his ‘fancy waistcoat’, is prey to noisy, weird dreams and a morbid obsession with the best place to be buried. An actual burial and the emotions it stirs are vividly portrayed in one of Thomas’s great poems ‘After the funeral (in memory of Ann Jones)’, followed by the famous and impassioned ‘Do not go gentle into that good night’, inspired by his dying father.

 

 ‘This side of the truth’, dedicated to Thomas’s son Llewellyn, is life-affirming while

Nature, creative and destructive, is the theme of ‘The force that through the green fuse drives the flower’.

 

Finally, we’re back in the south Wales of Thomas’s boyhood. ‘A Story’ describes a drunken all-male (of course) pub crawl which never reaches its intended destination, Porthcawl. And a radio talk ‘Reminiscences of Childhood’ is set in Swansea but ends with a flourish of magic realism. In front of his school friends, the bragging Dylan flaps his arms to soar above the city and the ‘fine live people, the spirit of Wales itself.’

 

What of the music? I’ve simply tried to reflect the mood of the texts: nocturnal Schoenberg and George  Crumb; dream-like, still and then dramatic Schubert; Vaughan Williams’s idyllic summer landscape; death-defying Johnny Cash. And, for a more specific sense of place, a male voice choir, an arrangement of ‘Suo Gân’, and last of all, ‘Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau’.

 

David Papp (producer)

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