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Isaiah Berlin

Philip Dodd and guests discuss the ideas, life and legacy of Sir Isaiah Berlin, widely considered to be the leading liberal philosopher of the 20th century.

Philip Dodd and guests discuss the ideas, life and legacy of Sir Isaiah Berlin, widely considered to be the leading liberal philosopher of the 20th century. Most famous for his development of ideas about liberty, Berlin was also admired for his brilliant essays and speeches.

Born in Riga in 1909 he witnessed both the February and October revolutions of 1917, before his family moved to Britain following anti-Semitic encounters. Settling in Oxford, Berlin delivered his influential essay Two Concepts of Liberty in 1958. He defined negative liberty as the absence of constraints, which he regarded as the safest and most favourable form of liberty. Positive liberty, however, was for him associated with self-determination, which he saw as potentially leaning towards political totalitarianism. These concepts of liberty are seen to have influenced generations of philosophers and politicians.

45 minutes

Last on

Mon 25 May 2009 21:15

Broadcast

Free Thinking

Free Thinking

Radio 3’s new home for arts and ideas.