North Korea defectors: Meet young people who have fled from North to South Korea

Last updated at 15:47
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WATCH: The girls who managed to escape from North Korea

Every year, over 1,000 people escape from North Korea - one of the most secretive countries in the world.

They do this because in North Korea, people have to live by very strict rules. A lot of people - including children - try to escape in order to have more freedom in their lives.

Many flee via China in the hope of making it to South Korea - North Korea's less strict neighbour.

Newsround has been to South Korea to meet young people who've managed to escape and who now live in South Korea.

Find out more about the issue below.

What is life like in North Korea?

More than 25 million people live in North Korea, but their lives are very heavily controlled by the government.

They have to follow extremely strict rules. For example, they might need permission just to travel around.

The TVs and radios are controlled by the government, which means that the news and messages that North Koreans hear in the media are heavily controlled by the state.

Sokeel Park - who works for a charity called Liberty in North Korea, which helps people to escape from North Korea - told Newsround: "If you're a child in North Korea, then you won't have used the internet.

"You won't have had access to Facebook, YouTube or any kind of social media. You won't know that much about the outside world.

"If you try and watch South Korean TV programmes or movies from America or anywhere else, then you could be punished very harshly by the North Korean government."

A lot of people are very poor and have to rely on aid just to have enough to eat.

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WATCH: Ayshah finds out what it's like to grow up in North Korea (Aug 2017)

But North Koreans who speak out against their leader or the rules they have to follow can be brutally punished - sometimes even killed.

Reports suggest that hundreds of thousands of people have been put in prison and work camps for disagreeing with the government.

Whether they want to or not, North Koreans have to look up to and praise the country's leader Kim Jong-un and there are lots of public events to celebrate him. But it is hard to know what people really think because they are not allowed to speak freely.

People have smuggled items into North Korea which the government cannot control, like laptops and USB sticks. These have given many North Koreans a glimpse into the outside world.

A lot of people want to leave North Korea to live in countries where they will have more freedom.

Over the last 70 years, around 33,000 people have managed to get out and settle in South Korea.

What's it like to leave North Korea?

It is not easy to leave North Korea. It is very risky and the journey can be dangerous.

Sokeel explains: "It's a journey that's thousands of miles. You have to go all the way through China, and if the Chinese police catch you as a North Korean refugee, they will send you back to North Korea where you may face a range of harsh punishments.

"It's very risky, it's very difficult, and so it's almost impossible for North Korean refugees to make this journey without the support of some kind of organisation."

Newsround met two teenage students and a YouTuber - all who managed to escape from North Korea to settle in neighbouring South Korea.

Read their stories below.

Diana's story

Diana was two years old when she came to South Korea with her mum. While they managed to escape, her brother and dad who tried to leave with them, were caught and sent back.

She says: "My mum was so brave to carry a young baby in her arms to go to South Korea for freedom."

diana.
Diana, on the right, was two when her mother escaped from North Korea with Diana in her arms

Diana told Newsround how there is still some stigma with being associated with North Korea, so this was the first time that she has told her story in public.

"I was really afraid of telling people that I'm North Korean because people say bad things about North Koreans, like 'they're dumb' and 'they're spies'," she says.

"Most people think like that. I didn't even tell my Korean friends that I'm North Korean. One day, I hope that I can tell them I'm North Korean."

Despite this, Diana feels thankful.

"I'm really lucky that I came here when I was young," she says. "I learned about more, I got freedom earlier than others."

Na-yeon's story

Three years ago, Na-yeon was 17 years old when she took her little sister over the mountains into China to escape.

"There was very little food [in North Korea] and I felt hopeless," she says. "No one helped us so I felt completely alone in the world.

On the journey, Na-yeon had to sleep in the snow and even eat it just to survive.

"There was no shelter other than the mountains," she says. "There was nowhere to stay. We couldn't knock on anyone's door in China because we'd risk being sent back."

Na-yeon-and-Diana.
Na-yeon and Diana now go to a school which helps them to cope with what they've been through

For some arriving in South Korea, it can be difficult adjusting to such a new life.

Sokeel says that friends who have done the journey have explained that it is like "coming out of a time machine".

"You have to learn a lot of basic modern things, like how to type on a computer, how to use a cash machine, even how to use a bank account and public transport," he says.

Na-yeon experienced this too. "The most surprising thing was the amount of cars," she said.

There are also aspects of her life in North Korea that she misses. "When I was a kid, I remember playing with my friends until late at night," she says. "We would have snowball fights, play ball games and do things like hopscotch. I really miss that.

"Here, everybody's looking at their phones and they don't really talk to each other."

She explains that in exchange for her freedom in South Korea, she now has a lot more responsibility.

"Here, for example, if I don't work hard at school, I can't go to university and then earn lots of money. I feel like this freedom comes with massive responsibility."

Jun's story
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WATCH: Escaped from North Korea - 'I love telling my story'

Jun escaped from North Korea when he was 17 years old.

Before fleeing, he'd never seen a computer or used the internet, but now he's a YouTuber in South Korea.

"I'd never used Google, YouTube or Facebook," he explains. But now, he uses the platform to share his story in English because he says he wants the world to know what life is like there.

"I love telling my story to people," he says.

The first time that Jun tried to leave North Korea, he went through China but he was caught and sent back.

Life is made difficult for anybody who has tried to leave as they are classed as being 'hostile'.

"I couldn't go back to high school after I was caught by police in China because in North Korea, everyone has a 'class'. I was 'hostile class' in North Korea so everyone avoided me," he explains.

jun-filming-for-youtube.
Jun thinks that it's important that he tells his story, now that he's been able to leave North Korea

"I tried to get food every day. I didn't have my mum in North Korea because she'd already escaped in 2004. I just tried to survive every day."

However, going to China had shown him what life was like in the outside world and it made him even more determined to leave North Korea.

"In 2008, I tried again because I saw a lot of things in Beijing. I'd never seen so many cars and high buildings.

"I could eat a lot of food in Beijing. It was the first time I could eat so much rice! I thought this is a kind of dream," he says.

Jun now lives and studies in South Korea.

"I think I'm living in heaven - paradise," he says. "But now I have to take responsibility for what I say, what I hear and what I do.

"But I can do anything that I want right now. It's a happy life."

Click here to watch all of Newsround's stories from South Korea.

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