Friendship before Facebook: Social media behaviour is older than you think

Last updated at 07:09
Friendship album in British Library collection.British Library
A new exhibition of alba amicorum - or 'friendship albums' - at the British Library shows that people hundreds of years ago used to engage with their friends and collect memories in special books, similar to the way that people behave on social media nowadays

We may think that social media and the way that people behave on it is a modern, digital tradition.

But a new exhibition at the British Library reveals that's not really true.

Around 400 years ago, people were already collecting friends, 'liking' people's pictures, sharing music and images, and leaving each other messages in exactly the same way as people do on social media today. The difference was that they didn't have phones and computers to do it on.

They did it in something called alba amicorum - or 'friendship albums' - and the British Library is displaying a collection of them in a new exhibition called Friendship Before Facebook.

What are friendships albums?

Friendship albums were special books which people used to show off their social circle hundreds of years ago.

They were used between the 16th and 19th centuries.

They first appeared in the mid-16th Century when Dutch and German students used them as a way to record and remember their studies abroad.

Andrea Varney, co-curator of the exhibition at the British Library, explains: "The fashion for friendship albums spread to other parts of Europe, and they were soon used by musicians, artists, lawyers and all sorts of other people."

Friendship album in British Library collection.British Library
People would carry friendship albums around with them, collecting mementos of their travels, and get friends to write in them

They are full of celebrity autographs, music notes, little paintings and drawings of parties and feasts, and interactive lift-the-flap pictures.

"People asked new friends and contacts to sign their books, add wise or funny sayings, and sometimes a personal coat of arms or a miniature painting, often made by a local artist," says Andrea.

One book in the exhibition which belonged to a Scottish man called Thomas Cuming includes the signature of King Charles I!

The albums ranged in size, but they were never very big and were typically carried in small pouches or pockets.

Music written out in a friendship album.British Library
A bit like you might share music with your friends online, people could share songs with each other or remember their favourite music by writing out the tunes in their friendship albums

People would use them as a way to shape their public identity, much like a lot of people do with social media today.

"They reveal that, even in Shakespeare's day, people collected and showed off their friends and professional contacts," says Andrea.

"If a celebrity such as the future King Charles I signed a friendship album, people placed it near the front - a bit like a celebrity selfie today. The albums are multimedia and interactive, like Instagram or Facebook."

A note written in a friendship album.British Library
People would leave notes for each other in their books, a bit like writing on somebody's wall or commenting on their photo

So why did they stop being used?

Andrea told us: "They developed into autograph books and visitors' books in the 19th and 20th century. Nowadays, we're probably more likely to collect and display our friends, or share our tastes and talents online."

The idea behind the exhibition of these books is that it will get visitors to think about how friendships work nowadays and why we behave the way that we do with our friends.

What do you think about the idea of these books? Do you think this is something that could work nowadays? Or do you think friendships are too digital for something like friendships albums to work anymore? Let us know in the comments below!

Illustrations in a friendship album.British Library
Friendships albums might contain pictures of coats of arms belonging to the families of people the owner of the book had met or illustrations of parties they'd attended


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