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Why do hurricanes have names?

Lightning stormStuart Edwards
Does this storm look like a Steve? Or more of a Nigel?

Huge storms are often in the news but have you ever wondered why they have names and how they are decided?

Here's Newsround's guide.

Why do they need names?

Lightning over LondonPA
Giving storms names makes it easier to keep track of them on social media and give people more time to get to safety.

Tropical storms like hurricanes, cyclones or typhoons last a long time and are given names so scientists can keep track of them.

They used to be tracked by the year they happened. But in some places there can be 100 storms in 12 months so names make them much easier for experts to tell them apart.

In the UK, names have only been used for storms for the last 3 years.

The Met Office says naming big storms means people are more aware of them and how dangerous they can be.

Who makes the name decisions?
giant wavePA

There are regular meetings of weather scientists around the world to decide on new names for the next year.

Names of storms which cause a lot of damage are never used again.

In the UK, the Met Office asks the public to suggest names.

How big do the storms have to be?

Not all storms will be big enough to get names - only those expected to cause significant damage.

Which storm name will be picked first?
Satellite map from NasaNASA

Storms are named in alphabetical order.

The first storm of a year will have an A name, like Hurricane Alice or Typhoon Andrew, the next one gets a B name and so on.

There is a name for each letter of the alphabet - but Q, U, X, Y and Z are not included.

Brian, Maeve and Niall are on the list of 21 storm names announced in the UK for the 2017-18 season.

Five storms were named here last season, from Angus in November to Ewan in February.

Who decides if they're named after girls or boys?
Giant wave on streetPA

Storms take it in turns to have girls' or boys' names.

Originally storms were only named after girls. In 1979, men's names were introduced.