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7/7 London bombings: What happened on 7 July 2005?

The permanent 7 July Memorial to honour the victims of the July 7th 2005 London bombings (also known as the 7/7 bombings), in Hyde park on July 6, 2009 in London, EnglandGetty Images
The 7 July Memorial to honour the victims of the London bombings was unveiled in the capital's Hyde Park in 2009 consisting of 52 single columns representing the lives lost

In the summer of 2005, London was rocked by the worst single terrorist attack on British soil.

Ten years on, The Queen and Prime Minister David Cameron will lead services this week to remember all those caught up in those tragic events.

More than 50 people lost their lives and hundreds more were injured.

Newsround looks back at what happened on 7 July 2005 - a day that has become known as 7/7.

What happened on 7 July?

Police and fire personnel work outside London's Aldgate Station after an explosion occurred on the Circle line 07 July, 2005.AFP/getty images
Police and fire fighters worked outside London's Aldgate Station after an explosion occurred on a London underground train on 7 July 2005

On 7 July 2005, four men with rucksacks full of explosives attacked central London.

The target was London's transport system, at the end of the morning rush hour.

Four bombs went off there - three on the London underground and one on a bus.

Map of the events of 7 July 2005

The underground station bombs went off at about 8.50am on trains near Liverpool Street and Edgware Road stations, and on another tube train travelling between King's Cross and Russell Square.

A fourth bomb went off on a bus in Tavistock Square, London, about an hour later.

The attacks became known as the 7/7 bombings.

A plaque with the names of the victims of the July 7th London bombings (also known as the 7/7 bombings), in Hyde park on July 6, 2009 in London, England.Getty Images
A plaque with the names of the victims of the 7/7 London bombings has been created in the capital's Hyde Park to remember those who died in the attacks

Sadly, 52 people died in the attacks and more than 770 people were injured.

Here are some tips about what to do if you are feeling sad about what you've seen, heard or read.

What happened on 21 July?

Flowers and letters of condolence are seen in the area outside Kings Cross Station set aside for floral tributes, 12/07/2005, following the London terror attack on 7th July 2005.
Thousands of flowers and messages were left for the victims of the attack across London. Here's just a few of the floral tributes placed outside King's Cross Station a week after the bombings

Four more attempted bombings took place in London exactly two weeks after the 7/7 bombings, on 21 July 2005.

And like the first attacks, there were bombs on three underground trains and one on a bus.

Luckily, none of these bombs actually went off. Police found the failed bombs at Oval, Warren Street and Westbourne Grove underground stations, and on a bus at Hackney.

Two days later, a fifth unexploded bomb was found in a bush at Little Wormwood Scrubs in London.

Who was responsible for the attacks?

Ambulances and police vans stand at the ready in front of London's Kings Cross Station after a terrorist bomb exploded on the subway 07 July, 2005.AFP/getty images
Ambulances and police vans stand in front of London's Kings Cross Station after the terrorist bomb exploded near there

Four men carried out the four separate bomb attacks on 7 July.

They were all British and had lived what appeared to be quite normal lives. But after the attacks they were all found to have links to Islamic extremism.

The bombers were Mohammad Sidique Khan, 30, from Leeds, Shehzad Tanweer, 22, from Leeds, Germaine Lindsay, 19, from West Yorkshire, and Hasib Mir Hussain, 18, from outside Leeds.

They all died in the bomb attacks.

Victims of the 7 July attacksVarious
52 people, not including the four terrorists, lost their lives in the 7/7 London bombings

In 2007, Muktar Ibrahim, Yassin Omar, Hussain Osman and Ramzi Mohammed were all jailed for life for their part in the failed attacks on 21st July.

Manfo Asiedu, who at the last minute had removed the battery from his bomb before ditching it in a bin in a West London park, was jailed for 33 years.

How safe is the UK now?

policewomanGetty Images
Police in London are given special training to stop another attack from happening

Police, the government and the security services have taken measures to try to stop events like 7/7 happening again.

These include:

  • Expanding the power of the security service, MI5
  • Looking more closely at people in the UK who the police suspect might be involved in terrorism plots
  • Working more closely with other countries to learn about the people they suspect of terrorism
  • Telling the public more about possible threats.

Sadly even the police and the security services admit that they cannot guarantee stopping every single threat to the British public.

But it is important to remember that this type of attack is very, very rare in this country.